Skip to main content

Full text of "Maryland Historical Magazine Spring 1906"

See other formats

MSA sc 5&£M~I - \ 


Historical Magazine 




Volume I 





Ark and Dove, The, ------- 352 

Baltimore and its Defences. Gen. W. P. Oraighill, - - 28 

Battle of Bladensburg, The. Dr. Albert Kimberley Hadel. (Bead 

before the Society in 1903), .... 155, 197 

Benedict Leonard Calvert, the Younger, ... 274 
Bennet, Eichard, Will, ------ 73 

Brooke Family, The. Br. Christopher Johnston, - - 66, 184, 284, 376 

Browne's Religious Liberty in Early Maryland. (Review.) Clayton C. 

HaU, 365 

Calvert, George, Will, ------ 363 

Calvert, Governor Charles, ------ 289 

Celeron's Plates, One of, - 277 

Chassedr, Log of The. Com. Thomas Boyle, - - - 168, 218 
Chevalier d'Annemours, The. Henry F. Thompson, - - 241 
Early County Seats of Baltimore County, Judge Albert Ritchie, 3, 99 
Early Missions among the Indians. B. U. Campbell. (Read before 

the Society in 1846), 293 

French Pirate, Capture of a, - - - - - 355 
Historic Portraits of Maryland. Frank B. Mayer. (Read before 

the Society in 1891) , ------ 330 

Jacobite Convicts, ------- 346 

Labadists of Bohemia Manor. Rev. Geo. Armistead Leakin. (Read 

before the Society in 1878), 337 

Lafayette, Letters of, ----- - 271 

Letters of Washington to General Gist, 40 
Log of the Chasseur. Com. Thomas Boyle, ... 168, 218 
Maryland Gleanings in England. Lothrop Wiihington, - - 379 
Maryland Historical Society, Proceedings, - - 77, 193, 383 

Maryland Loyalist, a. Henry F. Thompson, ... 316 

Migrations of Baltimore Town. Rev. Geo. Armistead Leakin, 45 

Notes and Queries, 73, 189, 289, 382- 

One of Celeron's Plates, ------ 277 

Pirate in the Chesapeake Bay, a. Henry F. Thompson, - 15 

Protection Society of Maryland, - 358. 





Reminiscences op Baltimore in 1824. John H. B. Latrobe. ( Bead 

before the Society in 1880), ----- 113 

Report op Annual Meeting of the Maryland Historical Society, 77 
Review of Religious IAherty in Early Maryland. (L. B. Browne). 

Clayton C. Hall, .... - 365 

Richard Ingle in Maryland. Henry F. Thompson, - - 125 
Salutatory, ..------1 

Soldiers' Delight Hundred. Edward Spencer. (Bead before the So- 
ciety in 1881 ). 141 

Strategy op the Sharpsburq Campaign. W. Allan. (Formerly 
Lieut. Col. and Chief Ordnance Officer, Army of Northern Virginia. ) 

(Bead before the Society in 1888), - - - - 247 

Tilden Family, The, ------ 75 

Tilghman Family, The. Dr. Christopher Johnston, - 181, 280, 290, 369 

Trinity Parish, Charles County. Rev. J. Neikon Barry, - 324 

Tuesday Club op Annapolis, The, ... - 59 

Two Commissions, (Leonard Calvert and Sir William Davenant) . 211 
Two Jacobite Convicts, - - - - - -346 

Two Letters op Lafayette, ----- 271 

Washington, Letters or, ------ 40 

Will of George Calvert, ----- 363 


Vol. I. MARCH, 1906. No. 1. 


The Maryland Historical Society announces to its members 
and the public, the establishment by it of a quarterly magazine 
of history under the title of the Maryland Historical Magazine, 
of which the present publication is the first number. 

That there is an ample field of usefulness for such a maga- 
zine has been well recognized, and this fact has frequently 
been urged upon the attention of the Society; but until recently 
the undertaking did not appear to be practicable. 

The material for making this publication both of interest 
and value will, it is believed, prove ample. Original papers 
of real and permanent value are from time to time contributed 
to the Society, which, while too brief to justify their separate 
publication, would properly find their place in such a maga- 
zine as this. It is hoped that the opportunity for publication 
thus afforded will lead to an increase in the contribution of 
papers of merit, such as the Society would be justified in 




It is also proposed to publish in the Magazine selections 
from the rich store of historical documents, letters, etc., in 
the possession of the Society, which have not hitherto been 

Provision will also be made for the publication of genealogical 
notes of real interest and recognized authenticity. 

Space for Notes and Queries, and such other features as 
experience may show to be desirable and expedient, may also 
be included. 

It is moreover proposed to make the Magazine the medium 
for the publication of the Society's Annual Report and other 
official communications to members. 

The editorial direction of the Magazine will be under the 
efficient management of Dr. William Hand Browne, well 
known to every member of the Society as the Editor of the 
Maryland State Archives. 

It is hoped and believed that the publication will prove 
to be of both use and interest not only to members of the 
Society but to all students of American, and especially, of 
Maryland history. With this announcement of its aims, it is 
commended to their consideration. 





Although we do not know the exact date, nor the Act, Order of 
Council, or proclamation under which it was done, there can be no 
doubt that Baltimore County was established about the year 1659. 
It has been repeatedly stated that several patents were issued during 
that year to Col. Nathaniel Utye and others, in which the land 
granted was described as being in Baltimore County, but this 
statement, I think, is incorrect. I have had examined every 
patent granted to Col. Utye prior to 1661, and a large number 
granted to other persons during the years 1658 and 1659, 
embracing land which was situated within the original limits of 
Baltimore County, but in none of them is there any recognition of 
the then existence of the county. 

The transcribed copy of the earliest Land Record of Baltimore 
County, Liber " R. M., No. H. S.", is now in the Record Office 
of Baltimore City, and the earliest deed recorded therein is for a 
tract of land lying " in Potapsco known by the name of Roade 
River in the Province of Maryland ", from Walter Dickeson to 
Thomas Powell, dated June 28th, 1659 ; and to be found on page 
four. There are two or three other deeds bearing date the same 
year recorded in this Liber, but, while found in a Baltimore 
County record, there is no mention of the county in any of them, 
and they were not recorded until 1661. 

The earliest evidence of the existence of Baltimore County 
which I have been able to find, is the writ issued in the name of 
Cecilius to the Sheriff of Baltimore County, dated January 12th, 
1659/60, directing him to provide for the election of four discreet 
Burgesses to serve in the Assembly to be held in the following 
February. This writ may be found on page 381 of the Proceed- 




ings of the Assembly for that period, as published in the Archives 
of Maryland, and the session referred to is the first at which dele- 
gates from Baltimore County appeared. 

"When first established, the limits of the county included what 
are now Harford and Carroll counties, at least a part of Cecil, the 
City of Baltimore and other territory. 

But while we know with tolerable accuracy the year of the 
erection of the county, we do not know from any documentary 
evidence that I am aware of, the precise location of its first 
County Seat, nor just when, within a certain period of eight years, 
the first Court house was built. The Land Record to which I 
have referred, opens with the record of the fact that a court was 
held in Baltimore County on July 20th, 1661, at the house of 
Captain Thomas Howell (which was in what is now part of Cecil 
County), and that the Commissioners present were Captain Thomas 
Howell, Captain Thomas Stockett, Mr. Henry Stockett, Mr. 
Thomas Powell and Mr. John Taylor. I have frequently seen 
the statement that a County Court was then and there held ; but 
I have nowhere seen, in connection with it, any reference to the 
authority upon which the statement was made. 

In the same volume (p. 13) is the formal entry of a session of 
the Court held on September 13th, 1665, at which were present 
Captain Thomas Stockett and eight other Commissioners, but there 
is no mention of the place where the Court met. Each of these 
sessions seems to have been confined to taking acknowledgments 
and the receipt of deeds for record. I have found no other entry 
in this Liber of a formal Session of the Court, but on p. 15, at the 
end of the record of the first deed recorded after the Session of 
1665, is the entry that it was acknowledged "in open Court" on 
November 6th, 1682, and there are many similar entries in this 
book, though I found no such entry, nor any deed dated, between 
the years 1665 and 1682. 

It is stated in Johnson's History of Cecil County (p. 62), that a 
Court was held in Baltimore County on June 7th, 1664, at the 
house of Mr. Francis Wright, for the purpose of examining into 
the case of a Seneca Indian arrested under suspicious circum- 
stances, and the author says there is reason to believe that Balti- 



more County Court frequently met (in that part of the County 
which is now) on the Eastern Shore. It is probable that in the 
very early days of the County, the Court met at one place or 
another as convenience or occasion required. 

The earliest volume of the Proceedings of the County Court to 
be found in our Clerk's office, so far as preserved (the first few 
leaves having been lost) begins with the session of 1682, but so 
far as I have been able to examine them, they make no mention of 
the place where the Court was being held. An Act was passed in 
June, 1674, ch. 16 (Archives, II, p. 413), requiring the Commis- 
sioners of every County, within a time limited, and under the 
penalty of a fine, and at the cost of the County, to provide and 
build a Court house and prison. From the Proceedings of the 
Assembly of 1674 (Archives, n, p. 430), it appears that the Com- 
missioners of Baltimore County were divided touching the most 
convenient place for the Court house and prison, which they were 
required to build under the Act just mentioned, and on the petition 
of Captain Thomas Todd, who was then a member of the Lower 
House, it was ordered by the Upper House on February 30th, 
1674/5, that the Commissioners should erect said buildings at the 
head of the Gunpowder River on the north side. The Lower 
House does not seem to have taken any action in the matter, and 
certainly no Act was passed. There being some question as to the 
validity of the Act of 1674, it was repealed in 1676 (ch. 2). It 
thus seems plain that no Court house had been built previous, at 
least, to 1675, although some have thought otherwise, and there 
is no evidence that any Court house was built on the Gunpowder 
until nearly twenty years later. 

The earliest mention of an existing Court House that I know 
of, is the following Order passed by the County Court ou June 
6th, 1683 (Proceedings, p. 49), viz. : 

" Ordered that Mr. Miles Gibson, High Sheriff of this County 
of Baltimore, have power and authority to employ carpenters for 
repairing the Court house and likewise to take care for the setting 
up of the pillory and stocks." The earliest mention of its location 
is to be found in the Act of 1683, ch. 5. This Act, passed 
November 6th, 1683, for the advancement of trade, provided for 



the establishment of numerous towns and ports, and among them 
directed that a town should be laid off " On Bush River on the 
Town Land -near the Court House." There was at that time, as 
appears by the Map of Maryland and "Virginia, prepared by 
Augustine Herman in 1670, and by other early maps, a town on 
the east side of Bush River called Baltimore, and there is no reason 
to question the accuracy of the tradition that this town was then 
the County Seat, and there is every reason to believe that it was 
the first established County Seat, and that this court house was the 
first one built in the county. The Act of 1674, requiring every 
county to build a court house, and the difference of opinion among 
the County Commissioners touching the most convenient place for 
its erection, seem to indicate plainly that at that time there was 
not only no Court house, but no fixed County Seat. The fact that 
the Court House on Bush Eiver needed repair in 1683, shows 
that it had been standing for some years, and the probability is 
that it was built during or not long after the year 1675. No 
evidence has been found of any earlier County Seat or Court House. 

I am able to submit some evidence confirming the belief that 
this court house was on the east side of Bush River, and thus 
fortify the tradition that it was at Old Baltimore. The Proceed- 
ings of the Council (Archives, v, p. 473), show that on May 5th, 
1686, a petition was submitted asking for the removal of the Court 
house to a point on the South side of Winter's Run " neere the 
path that goes from Potomock to the Susquehannoh Rivers." 
Winter's Run emptied into Bush River from the northwest. 
Among the reasons given for removal were, that the then court 
house was out of the way, was difficult of access, and that " in the 
winter people cannot come for the frost." These reasons would 
scarcely have been good unless the court house had been on the 
east side of the river. Consideration of this petition was post- 
poned in order to consult the sheriff and other citizens of the 
County who then were at St. Mary's, and no further action seems 
to have been taken. 

Again, in a deed from William Osborne to James Phillips, dated 
June 24th, 1686, Liber R. M., No. H. S., p. 185, the land is 
described as being on Bush River, and beginning at an oak "a 



little beyond the court house." One of the lines of this tract, a 
certain point having been reached, is, " thence west to the river." 

In a paper on "Old Baltimore on Bush River," read before 
this Society in 1875 by Rev. Dr. Leakin, there is an interesting 
account of this old town, the site of which, he says, was then a 
clover field about two miles south of the Pennsylvania Railroad 

We thus know that the County Seat with its Court House was 
on the Bush River in 1683 and as late as 1686, and we also know 
that the County Scat was settled at Joppa on the Gunpowder in 
1712 (ch. 19). We now meet the question which has been much 
mooted for many years, viz., AVas Joppa the second or third 
County Seat ? Was the County Seat moved from Bush River to 
some other place before it was established at Joppa? I have not 
been able to find any A ct of Assembly, or Order of Council, which 
authorized the removal ; but, with the assistance received from my 
friend, Mr. Henry F. Thompson, I feel that the fact can now be 
established that, at some time between the years 1686 and 1695, 
the County Seat was moved from Bush River to a point at or near 
the head of the Gunpowder. Of course, we all understand that 
where we find a fixed court house, there we have the County Seat. 

It has been stated in various historical writings and addresses 
that, after Bush River, there was a Court house at Forster's Neck 
on the Gunpowder, but the authority given for the statement has 
always been the Acts of 1706 and 1707, and the construction 
given to the Act of 1707 was, that it directed the desertion of a 
supposed Court House at Forster's Neck. This construction is 
erroneous, and whether there was then a court house at Forster's 
Neck, or not, these Acts throw no light on the inquiry. 

The Act of 1706, ch. 14, in providing for further towns and 
ports, directed that a town should be laid off " on Forster Neck 
on Gunpowder River." The Act of 1707, ch. 16, provided that 
" The place appointed for a town on Gunpowder River on the land 
called Forster's Neck " should be deserted, and that in lieu thereof 
(that is, of that proposed town) a town should be erected on a tract 
on the same River belonging to Anne Felks and called Taylor's 
Choice, " and the Court house to be built there." But an exami- 



natiou of these Acts shows that it was the proposed site for a 
town, and not any supposed court house at Forster's Neck, which 
was to be deserted ; that no provision was made for the erection of 
a court house at that place, and that there is no recognition of the 
existence of a court house there at that time. Others, having 
examined these Acts, have also seen that they furnished no evi- 
dence of the existence of a Court house at Forster's Neck, and 
then, having no evidence of a previous removal, have concluded 
in their writings that the County Scat continued on Bush Eiver 
until moved to Joppa. 

But, as I have stated, there was a removal to some place on 
the Gunpowder between 1686 and 1695. The first fact I have 
that throws light on the questiou as to a possible removal from 
Bush River, is the residence of a certain Mr. Moses Groome, the 
importance of which appears as follows. 

In the proceedings of the County Court in February, 1695, 
p. 564, it is recorded that Moses Groome of Baltimore County 
filed a petition praying to be saved harmless " for vending and 
selling liquors by retail to his Majesty's Justices of this said 
County Court." It was "Ordered that the said petition be 
continued until next Court ensuing." He appears to have been 
"saved harmless," for the only action taken at the next Court 
(March, 1695, p. 568) was, not to punish him for having sold, nor 
to warn him not to sell again, but to grant him a license to keep 
an ordinary, so that he might freely and legally continue to sell 
his liquors to his Majesty's Justices and all others. But the order 
for a license shows the fact that Groome's residence was his 
" dwelling plantation at Gunpowder River," and while tins record 
throws several side lights, the one it throws on our present inquiry 
is the inference that Groome must have lived conveniently near to 
the Court ; that, living on the Gunpowder, it is not likely he would 
have been selling liquor, particularly at retail, to the Justices if 
they were still holding Court on Bush River. 

The next fact discovered is of much more direct importauce. 
In the proceedings of the County Court at the June Session, 1695 
(p. 416), appears the following order, viz., " Ordered that the 
Justices of each hundred enquire into their respective hundreds 



who will be purchasers of the late Court house and land adjoining 
at Bush River, and accordingly make return at next court of what 
offers were made." It is afterwards recorded on the same page, 
" That Mr. John Ferry biddeth four thousand pounds of tobacco 
for the court house at Bush River." It is thus clear that in 1695 
the old court house had been abandoned. 

The question now is, where was the Court then being held? 
The proceedings of this Session do not tell us this nor whether a 
new court house had then been built ; but in Liber H. W., No. 2, 
p. 126, of the Land Records of Baltimore County, is recorded a 
deed from Michael Judd to John Hall and others, the inhabitants 
and freeholders of said County, dated April 1st, 1700, which, in 
consideration of 3000 pounds of tobacco, conveys to them a two 
acre parcel of ground " whereon the court house of the said county 
now standeth," the same being part of a tract called "Simm's 
Choice." Now, then, where was Simm's Choice ? In the same 
Liber, p. 109, is recorded a deed from Michael Judd to John 
Taylor, dated June 14th, 1701, which conveys a tract of fifty 
acres lying "at the head of Gunpowder River in the County 
aforesaid, excepting only the County Court house and two acres of 
land thereabout unto to the said Court house belonging, being part 
of the said fifty acres." These fifty acres are described as being 
the one-third part and the easternmost end of " Sim's His Choice," 
and it is further shown by this deed that this tract began " at the 
northernmost bound tree " of a tract called " Swanson." 

On the Rent Rolls of Baltimore County ( Calvert Papers, p. 224) 
is an entry of the survey of " Sin's Choice " for Richard Sins on 
November 28th, 1673, described as containing 150 acres and lying 
on the south side of the Gunpowder near its head, and at the 
northernmost bounds of the land called "Swanson." The patent 
for this tract dated September 28th, 1674 (Land Office Liber 18, 
p. 205), grants it to Richard Simms, and describes it (as in the 
survey) as containing 150 acres "lying in the said County on the 
south side of Gunpowder River near the head of said River," and 
called "Simms his Choice." The metes and bounds in the patent 
are, viz., "Beginning at the northernmost bounded tree of the 
land of the said Simms called Swanson [Swanson had been pre- 



viously conveyed by the patentee to Richard Syms — see post] , and 
running north and by east fifty perches to a bounded oak by a 
small branch, then northwest and by west 533^ perch, then south 
and by west fifty perches, then southeast and by east to the first 
bounded tree." These slightly differing names represent the same 
tract. Richard Sims by deed of September 2nd, 1679, recorded 
in Liber II, No. P. P., p. 43, conveys this tract to Nicholas 
Hempstead by name and description as in the patent. 

Some facts must now be noted about the Gunpowder River and 
its branches. The Gunpowder proper is formed by the junction 
of the Great and Little Gunpowder Rivers, the Great Gunpowder 
coming from the northwest, and the Little Gunpowder having a 
general course from the north by west. Just above the junction, 
on one side of the neck of land formed by the fork, are the Falls 
of the Great Gunpowder, and on the other are the Falls of the 
Little Gunpowder. But while the general course of the Little 
Gunpowder is as indicated, all the maps, and particularly the 
larger ones (Taylor's, 1857, and Hopkins', 1878), show that at 
the junction the shore line of this River, on the neck side, runs 
somewhat northeast and southwest. The Gunpowder and the 
Little Guupowder now form a boundary line between Baltimore 
and Harford Counties. 

The next deed brings us now still nearer to Sim's Choice. By 
deed dated November 2nd, 1692, recorded in Liber H. M., No. H. 
S., p. 356, "Sym's Choice" is conveyed by Charles Ramsey to 
Michael Judd. Though the name has been slightly changed, a 
comparison of the points of beginning, metes and bounds, shows 
that it is the same tract granted by the patent, and this is the same 
Judd who subsequently, by the deed already mentioned, conveyed 
the parcel of two acres on which the Courthouse stood, in which 
deed he calls it a part of " Sim's Choice." In the deed to Judd, 
the tract is said to begin " at a bounded oak the easternmost bound 
tree" of Swanson, while the patent calls for it to begin at the 
northernmost bounded tree of that tract ; but it will appear from 
the courses of Swanson that it was rhomboidal in shape, so that 
the tree at its northeasterly corner would be at the same time, both 
its northernmost and easternmost bound oak. The fuller description 



contained in this deed from Ramsey enables us to much more 
nearly fix the location of this tract. It is therein described as 
" Being in the forks of Gunpowder River by the side of the said 
River," beginning at the Swanson oak and running thence " North 
and by East for the length of 50 perches up the said River," 
thence northwest and by west " into the woods," &c, as already 

The description and metes given in the documents referred to, 
thus unquestionably locate Simm's Choice on what is now the 
Baltimore County side of the Little Gunpowder. 

This location is confirmed by what the records disclose as to 
Swanson. The patent for this tract was granted to Edward Swan- 
son, September 23rd, 1665, (Land Office Liber 8, p. 424—100 
acres) and it is therein described as " lying at the head of Gun- 
powder River between two branches," beginning at a beech tree 
and running thence north and by east up the northernmost branch 
thirty perches to a red oak (this is the oak which was the begin- 
ning of Simm's Choice), thence northwest and by west into the 
woods 534 perches, then south and by west thirty perches, and 
then southeast and by east to the beginning. 

By deed of July 22nd, 1672, recorded in Liber T. R., No. R. 
A., p. 31, Edward Swanson of Bush River, conveyed this tract to 
Richard Syms of Gunpowder River (who in 1674 got his patent 
for Simm's Choice), which is therein described as lying " in Gun- 
powder River " near its head " betwixt the Two Falls," and as 
running according to the lines of the patent. The tract afterwards 
comes into the possession of Michael Judd (the owner of Simm's 
Choice) who by deed dated June 12th, 1701, recorded in Liber 
H. W., No. 2, p. 126, conveys it to John Taylor (who two days 
later bought the fifty acres of " Sim's His Choice " from Judd) by 
the description in the patent, that is, as between two branches and 
running up the northernmost branch, &c. 

It thus appears that Simm's Choice and Swanson were each at 
or near the head of the Gunpowder j that Simm's Choice adjoined 
Swanson on the north, and therefore, like Swanson, it too must 
have been " betwixt the two Falls," or, as described in Ramsey's 
deed to Judd, it was " in the forks of Gunpowder River by the 



side of the said River," and its first line ran north by east " up 
the said River." Simm's Choice, therefore, was on the neck 
formed by the junction of the Great and Little Gunpowder, which, 
on Herman's map is called " Sim's Point." 

Having clearly located Simm's Choice on the neck called Sim's 
Point, the statement in the pateut that this tract was on the south 
side of the river, when, according to present knowledge, it ought 
to have been described as being on the westerly, or southwesterly 
side, must be ascribed to the lack of precision in the early surveys, 
or of accurate information in respect to the course of the river. 
Taylor's Choice, which we know was nearly opposite, is described 
in the patent as on the north side, and the order of the Upper 
House already mentioned also speaks of the " north " side of the 
Gunpowder at its head. 

As the result of our joint investigation of this question, I, there- 
fore, feel safe in saying, with the concurrence of Mr. Thompson in 
the statement, that there was another County Seat after Bush River 
and before Joppa, and that this secoud County Seat, with its court- 
house, was not at Forster's Neck, but at the head of the Gun- 
powder, on the neck of land formed by the junction of the Great 
and Little Gunpowder, and called " Sim's Point." When I began 
this investigation, I thought it possible that I might find that there 
had once been a court house at Forster's Neck, but I had never 
seen or heard a suggestion that there had ever been one on Sim's 

One word as to Forster's Neck, about which much has been said 
as having once been the supposed site of a court house. As this 
name is spelled both Forster and Foster in a certain patent granted 
to the man, no attention need be given to the difference in spelling 
fouud in other papers. It has been with great difficulty that any 
accurate information could be obtained as to this tract, or neck ; 
but it was not on Sim's Point. Not far below the Gunpowder 
Falls, there are two creeks running into the river from the north- 
ward, that is from what is now the Harford County side, and on 
Herrman's map the westerly one is called Taylor's Creek and the 
easterly one Foster's Creek ; but no mention is made of the neck, 
nor could I find it on my map. In searching the Rent Rolls for 



something about Forster's Neek, an entry was found of the survey 
for Samuel Sickelmore, on June 20th, 1689, of a tract of 318 acres 
ealled " Wolves Harbour," lying on the north side of the Gun- 
powder and "on the west side of the mouth of Foster's Creek," 
and there is a memorandom that the rent on this tract was " taken 
away by a survey of Foster's Neck " ; but I am informed by Mr. 
George H. Shafer, the Chief Clerk, that no reeord of a survey or 
patent for a tract called Foster's Neck can be found in the Land 

The patent for " Wolves Harbour " is granted under the name 
of "Woolf Harbor" to Samuel Sickelmore on November 10th, 
1695, (Land Offiee Liber C, No. 3, p. 503) and it is described as 
beginning at a chestnut tree on the west side of the mouth of 
Forster's Creek and running up the river north north west " to an 
oak standing at the mouth of Taylor's Creek, then north up this 
ereek, aud by different courses (meanwhile making a eall for an 
oak by the side of Forster's Neck road), until it comes back to 
Forster's Creek, and then down Forster's Creek to the beginning, 
containing 318 acres. 

There being no patent for a tract ealled Forster's Neek, a search 
for patents to any one named Forster, led to the discovery of a 
patent for a tract called " Goldsmith's Neck," issued to Mathew 
Goldsmith and Edward Forster on February 24th, 1661, for a 
tract on the Gunpowder, which begins at the easterly side of Tay- 
lor's Creek and runs southeasterly down the river to Forster's 
Creek, and then up this creek, &c, containing two hundred acres. 

It is thus seen that Goldsmith's Neck began at Taylor's Creek 
and ran down the river to Forster's Creek, while Woolf Harbor, 
under the later patent, began at Forster's Creek and ran up the 
river to Taylor's Creek ; and that Goldsmith's Neck embraced the 
land on the west side of Forster's Creek, which was afterwards 
included in the patent for Woolf Harbor. To the extent of two 
hundred acres, therefore, there was a conflict and the prior title 
was under the patent for Goldsmith's Neck. This would explain 
why the rent on Woolf Harbor was " taken away " by another 
survey. The memorandum mentioned, however, says that it was 
taken away by a survey of Foster's Neek, but as there *was no 



survey or patent of any tract called Foster's Neck, the explanation 
seems to be that this rent was in fact taken away by the prior 
survey and patent of Goldsmith's Neck, and that this Neck after- 
ward became known to the public as Foster's Neck. 

This explanation is further supported by certain conveyances. 
By deed dated May 9th, 1666, Liber I. E., No. P. P., p. 56, 
Mathew Gouldsmith conveys to Richard Windley and James 
Phillips all his interest in a tract of two hundred acres (the same 
quantity as in Goldsmith's Neck) lying on the Gunpowder and 
" commonly known as Foster's Neck " ; and by deed of November 
9th, 1666, same Liber, p. 62, Windley and Phillips conveyed the 
interest acquired from Goldsmith to Francis Trippas, also describ- 
ing the tract as "commonly known as Foster's Neck," and as 
being near the plantation of John Taylor. Taylor's plantation 
was on Taylor's Choice, a tract which touched the westerly side of 
Taylor's Creek, while Goldsmith's Neck, as already stated, was on 
the easterly side of the same creek. From the records referred to, 
I think it can be safely said that the tract " commonly known as 
Foster's Neck" was the same tract that had been patented as 
Goldsmith's Neck, lying on the northeasterly side of the river, 
between the two creeks mentioned, aud nearly opposite Sim's 
Point. There is no evidence, nor any reason to believe, that a 
court house was ever built there. 

(Since this paper was read before the Society, another deed has 
been found which confirms the theory just stated, and establishes 
the fact that Goldsmith's Neck and Foster's Neck were one and 
the same tract. It is a deed from John Boone, dated June 5th, 
1707, recorded in Liber R. M., No. H. S., p. 553, conveying to 
John Ewings " all that Neck and tract of land now called, known 
or deemed heretofore to be Goldsmith's Neck, often called Foster's 
Neck, taken up by a certain Mathew Goldsmith and Edward 
Foster," as more fully appears by patent dated February 24th, 
1661. The description follows the lines of this patent, and the 
deed also refers to the suit in which the prior title was established 
against Samuel Sickelmore, the patentee of Woolf Harbor). 

While the ascertainment of the facts stated in respect to the first 
and second county seats has involved no small degree of research, 



I do not, for a moment, intimate that the sources of information 
have at all been exhausted. I am sure that much more of interest 
could be found by a more thorough examination than I have been 
able to give to the subject. 

So far we have the County Seats and Court houses on Bush 
River and Simm's Point. In 1712 the County Seat was moved 
to Joppa; in 1768 it was moved to Baltimore, under the Consti- 
tution of 1851 the City was separated from the County, and the 
County Seat of the County afterwards established at Towson. 
Some notice of these changes and of a few incidents connected 
with the history of the first court house built in Baltimore, will 
be reserved for later consideration. 


In the Maryland Historical Society's Fund Publication, No. 37, 
page 164, may be found the following remarks made by Dr. Bray 
on the character of Governor Nicholson then of Virginia : " Con- 
sidering this Governor's late Heroick Actions in the Conquest of 
the most desperate of Enemies, the Pirates, who were so infatuated 
as to approach his Province, and in whose Reduction his own 
Personal Prowess, Presence and Valour had a share, but that it 
was necessary to the Service of his Prince, of his Government, 
and of its Trade, almost to a Fault. It's hard to say, whether 
Arms or Letters have the greatest Right to challenge him for 
their General." 

Reference is here made to an event of great importance to the 
Colonies of Maryland and Virginia, which, although now forgot- 
ten, must have been much talked of in the presence of Dr. Bray, 
who arrived in Maryland but a short time before it took place. 

A pirate ship, which had taken several vessels off the Capes, 
entered Lynnhaven Bay with several of her captures, intending 



to take in water and provisions, and fit out one or more of the 
captured vessels, as members of the pirate fleet, which then num- 
bered four vessels, and of which the chief was La Paix, or 
" The Peace " as she is generally called in the papers relating to 
the event of her defeat and capture by H. M. ship Shoreham, 
Captain Passenger, after a battle which lasted ten hours, and was 
sustained on both sides with great courage and determination. 

It was not only by his decision and prompt action that Gover- 
nor Nicholson aided in bringing about the result of this ; for it 
was in a great measure owing to him, that there was a man-of-war 
stationed in the Chesapeake Bay. 

From the time of his arrival in Maryland, he urged on the 
authorities at home the importance of having one or more vessels 
of war stationed in the Chesapeake, for the protection of the 
inhabitants of Maryland and Virginia ; and in accordance with 
his recommendation, men-of-war had been sent out. In the order 
providing for sending them, it was made a condition that they 
should be good sailers, and should be relieved every year. 

The Shoreham had arrived some weeks before to relieve the 
Essex Prize which at the time of the fight was under repair, and 
being made ready for the voyage home, so that she was in no con- 
dition to take any part in a fight with a pirate. 

The Essex Prize was a small vessel carrying only sixteen guns, 
so that it was perhaps well for the Colonies that she was relieved 
by a larger ship, which was able to cope with the "Peace," 
which carried twenty guns and had a erew of 140 men. 

The narrative of these events is drawn partly from a copy of 
the record of a case in the Court of Admiralty held in May, 1700 
in Hampton Town, Virginia, one of the Rawlinson MSS. in the 
Bodleian Library, and partly from the letters of Governor Nichol- 
son of Virginia, in the Public Record Office, London. 

On the 17th of April, 1700, the pink Baltimore of Bristol, was 
captured by a pirate, who put sixteen of his own men on board 
the pink. One man was killed, and six men were taken on board 
the pirate, leaving six men (with the pirate crew) on the pink. 

The next day the same pirate took, in Lat. 36°, a sloop, the 
George, Capt. Joseph Forrest, of Pennsylvania, 25 Tons, and 



carried Capt. Forrest and some of his men on board their own 
ship, after plundering the George, taking with other things about 
£200. in gold and leaving six of their own men to take charge of 
the sloop. 

A few days later, or on the 23 day of April, the ship Pennsyl- 
vania Merchant, of 80 tons, bound from London to Philadelphia, 
was nearing the Capes of the Delaware, when late in the day, a 
vessel was seen to be following her, and the next morning was 
found to be close to her. The pirate La Paix, for it was she, ran 
up "a blood-red flag," fired several guns at the Pennsylvania 
Merchant, and ealled on her " to heave-to," whieh order the Cap- 
tain, Samuel Harrison, thought it best to obey. 

The pirates then boarded her and made the ship's company and 
the passengers — thirty-one persons in all — go with them to their 
own ship, first taking from their prisoners everything of any value 
which they had about them, among other things, a " wateh enam- 
elled green and gold," from one of the passengers, Thomas Murray 
of Pennsylvania. 

They then proceeded to rifle the ship, taking from her provisions, 
sails, rigging, spars, etc., and then on the second day setting fire 
to and abandoning her. Samuel Harris testified, that having been 
sent on board the Pennsylvania Merchant "to fetch a hatt for 
some one in the boat," he " saw the Pilote, by name John Hoog- 
ling making a fire in the great Cabbin, and another person, the 
Carpenter, cutting a hole in the side, which persons came on board 
the boat and left said ship burning and sinking." 

The pirates then stood in towards the land, and eame to an 
anchor. They then announced their intention of going inside the 
Capes of the Chesapeake to take in water, after which they would 
cruise outside until they should meet a pink which belonged to 
them and was to join them near the Capes. 

This pirate ship was of 200 tons burthen, ninety feet long, 
carried twenty guns and one hundred and forty men, mostly 
Frenchmen or Dutchmen, and was commanded by Louis Guillar, 
a Frenchman. She was a formidable antagonist, and there were 
three other vessels, subject to the orders of Capt. Guillar, only 
one of whieh made its appearanee on the eoast, at the time of the 



capture of La Paix, and of that one we shall hear presently as 
" the pink," no name being mentioned. La Paix lay at anchor all 
day Saturday, and during the night got under way, and early on 
Sunday morning a ship was seen coming out of the Chesapeake 
Bay. All the prisoners were ordered below into the hold, and 
ranging near the ship — which proved to be the Indian King bound 
for London — they fired on her and forced her to surrender. The 
captain — Edward Whitaker — was ordered to go on board La 
Paix, and when he reached her deck, he and his boat's crew were 
bound and detained as prisoners, the pirates taking his boat and 
boarding the Indian King, where they took prisoners Captain 
Baldwin Matthews, Mr. George Livingstone, a merchant of Phila- 
delphia, and Samuel Crutchfield. These were bound, with their 
arms made fast behind them, their money and valuables were 
taken from them, and they were carried by the pirates to their 
own ship, which the crew of the Indian King were ordered to 

Soon after, the Friendship of Belfast, bound for Liverpool, was 
seen a few miles outside the Capes, when the pirate bore down on 
her, fired several shot at her and commanded her master to come 
on board. One of the shot struck and killed the master, Hans 
Hamell, but the first mate, John Col well, went on board with 
four of his men, who were all detained as prisoners, while the 
boat, manned by some of the pirates, went back to the Friendship, 
when the crew and passengers were ordered into the forecastle, and 
the usual work of plundering went on, until the pirates thought 
they had all the more portable valuables in the ship, when they 
returned to La Paix, first ordering the crew to make sail, and 
stand into Lynnhavcn Bay, following the " man-of-war," as they 
called their own ship. 

Before they anchored in Lynnhaven Bay, another ship was seen 
— the Nicholson, commanded by Robert Lurten or Lurting, bound 
for London. This ship was hailed and ordered to strike, the 
order being accompanied by several shot, which wounded some of 
the crew, and as usual produced a ready compliance with the 
orders issued from La Paix. Captain Lurten was ordered to come 



on board, and when he did so, he and his men were made prisoners 
and confined in the hold, while some of the pirates taking his 
boat, went on board the Nicholson, and forced the crew to help 
them in throwing overboard more than one hundred casks of 
tobacco, as well as a great deal in bulk. This was done to make 
room on the Nicholson for guns, ammunition, provisions, water, 
etc., as the pirates intended to fit her out in order that she 
might join them, she being a large vessel and a very good 

Captain Guillar now anchored in Lynnhaven Bay with his 
captures, consisting of the ships Friendship, Indian King and 
Nicholson, the pink Baltimore, and the sloop George, and he began 
at once to take in water, and transfer provisions, sails, cordage, 
and whatever else he wanted, to his own ship, that she might be 
ready for another cruise. 

While he was thus busily occupied, a vessel which had been 
lying in Lynnhaven Bay, when he entered the Capes, was making 
her way to Kiquotan or Hampton, which place she reached on 
Sunday, about noon, when her master told Captain John Aldred, 
commander of H. M. ship Essex Prize, that he had seen a fleet 
of pirates coming iuto Lynnhaven Bay. 

It so happened, that on that Sunday afternoon, there were 
gathered at the house of Col. Wm. Wilson, at Kiquotan, the 
Governor, Col. Nicholson, Captain William Passenger, Commander 
of H. M. ship Shoreham, Joseph Mann, Esq., aDd some other 
gentlemen of the Colony, when Captain Aldred made his appear- 
ance, and told them the report he had just heard of the arrival of 
a fleet of pirates in the Chesapeake Bay. 

The news was startling, no doubt, and broke unpleasantly on 
the quiet of their Sunday afternoon, but there was no hesitation or 
discussion as to what was to be done. In a short time, in obedi- 
ence to the orders of the Governor, Capt. Passenger was on his 
way to his ship to get everything ready for a start that evening, 
and the following despatch was written and sent to Lieut. Col. 
Ballard or Major William Buckner at Yorktown. 



Kiquotan, April 28, 1700. 
Between 3 & 4 o'clock in the afternoon. 


Capt. John Aldred Commander of his Maj^S Ship 
" Essex Prize " hath just now given me an Acc— th* there arc 3 
or 4 Ships or Vessels in Lynhaven Bay who are supposed to be 
pyrates. I doe therefore in his Maj ties name comand you that 
upon sight hereof you give Notice to the Comanders of the Ships 
& Vessels in York River th 1 they may take care of their Ships 
and Vessels, and that you do immediately order the Militia in 
yo r parts to be ready, and you must forthwith dispatch an Express 
to the Co 1 -? & Chief Officers of Middlesex, Lancaster, Northum- 
berland and Westmoreland Counties to be ready. 

The Co 1 or Chief Officer of Northumberland I doe Impower in 
his Maj" es name, forthwith to press a good boat & able men and 
send an Acc* to any of his Maj Ue8 Officers, either Military or 
Civill in his Maj ties Province of Maryland of these 3 or 4 Ships 
or Vessels being in Lynhaven Bay, and that they are desired 
immediately to dispatch an Express to his Excy Nathaniel Blakiston 
esq r his Maj ties Capt n Gen 1 & Govern' in Chief, & Vice Admirall 
of his Maj ties Province of Maryland and I doe hereby promise to 
any person or psons who shall take or kill any Pyrate that shall 
belong to Either of these 3 or 4 Ships or Vessels in Lynhaven 
Bay a reward of twenty pounds Stirlen for each pyrate they shall 
either take or kill. 

To Lieut Co 11 Thomas Ballard or Major William Buckner at 
Yorktowu who are to take a copy hereof & Dispatch it as directed. 
Each Co 11 or Chief Officer is also to take a copy hereof & dispatch 
it as directed. Lieut Co 1 Ballard, Th 08 Ballard & Maj r W m Buck- 
ner arc to send to the Honblc Co 1 Edmd Jennings with a copy of 
this, and they are likewise to send a copy of this to Co 1 Phillip 
Ludwell who is in his Maj ties name Comanded to have the Militia 
of James City ready by this order of Kiquotan Ap 1 . 28, 1700. 

Lieut Co 1 Miles Cary Commander in Chief of his Maj* les Militia 
in Warwick County, Co ls or Chief Officers of Princess Ann 
Nanzemond & the Isle of Wight, Co! Mason or any of the 
Comanding Officers in said Norfolk County. 

Fe. Nicholson. 

Having thus made preparation to resist any descent by the 
pirates on the shores of the Bay, Governor Nicholson, accom- 
panied by Capt. Aldred, Joseph Mann, Esq., and Peter Hayman, 

Maryland historical Magazine. 


Esq., went on board the Shoreham, which was called in the Navy 
List a " Fifth Rate," and carried twenty-eight guns and about 
one hundred and twenty men, so that she was somewhat stronger 
than La Paix. 

About sunrise on Monday morning, the Pirates saw the Shore- 
ham coming out of James River, with the " King's Jack flag and 
ancient spread abroad," and at once a signal was made from La 
Paix, ordering all her men on board, an order which was promptly 
obeyed by all except two who were sound asleep on the Nicholson, 
and who were afterwards overpowered, and sent on board the 

A report of the movements of the Shoreham was made by Cap- 
tain Passenger in the following words, viz. : 

On board his Majestys Ship the Shoreham. 

On Sunday the 28 th April about 3 in the even, I lay with his 
Majesty's Ship Shoreham at Kiquotan a watering when there 
came in a Merchant Ship that brought the news of a pirate in 
Lynhaven bay that had taken some Virginia Men bound out of 
the Capes. At which news I immediately called all my people 
from the Shore that were filling water, and made a signS for all 
the Masters of the Merchant Ships,.that Lay there bound out, to 
take some men out of them by reason I wanted seven men of my 
Complement. I took eight men out of their boats & weighed 
anchor and turned down. The wind being contrary & night 
coming on the pylot would venture no further So we came to 
anchor about three Leagues short of the Pirate. About 10 at 
night his Excellency ffrancis Nicholson esq r Governour of Vir- 
ginia, came on board with Cap^ Aldred of the Essex Prize and 
Peter Hay man esq 1 who remained on board during the whole 

At 3 in the morning being the 29* of April I weigh'd and at 
4 made the pirate where he lay at anchor and we came within 
half a mile he loosed his Topsails and got under Sail, with a 
design as they have since told me, to get to wiudward and board 
us, and said this is but a small fellow we shall have him presently 
I guessed his Intentions and kept to windward fired one shott 
at him. He immediately hoysts a Jack Ensign with a broad 
Pendent all Red, and return'd me thanks. So then the dispute 
began being about 5 oclock in the morning and continued till 3 in 


the afternoon, the major part of which time within pistoll Shott 
of one another. It was a fine Top Gall!, gale of wind and I sail- 
ing something better than the pirate so that he could not get the 
wind of me to Lay me on board w cl1 was his Design, Notwith- 
standing he made several Trips, and when I gott just in his hause, 
I went about likewise. So after we had shott all his masts, yards, 
sails, Rigging all to shatters, unmounted several guns and hull 
almost beaten to pieces, and being very near the shore he put his 
helm a Lee so the Ship eame about, but he having no Braces, 
bowlines, nor sheets to haule his Sails about, aud we playing small 
shott and partridge so fast that all his men run into the hold, so 
the Ship drove on shore, with all her shatterid sails aback, I 
immediately Let go my anchor in 3 fath m water so he struck his 
ensign. I left off firing. They had laid a train to 30 barrels of 
powder and threatened to blow the Ship up and they must all 
perish. So the English prisoners that were on board interceded 
for one to swim on board of me to acquaint me of his designs and 
in the name of all the rest desire they might have some promise 
of quarter Otherwise those resolute fellows would certainly blow 
up the Ship, and they must all perish with those piraticall villains. 
And the Captain would have it from under hand in writing. His 
Excellency the Governour being on board, In regard of so many 
prisoners that were his Maj 1 ? 8 subjects thought fit to send them 
word under his hand and Lesser Scale, they should all be referr'd 
to the Kings mercy, with the proviso they would quietly yield 
themselves up prisoners of war. 

W. Passenger. 

It has been said that the crew of La Paix was composed almost 
entirely of Frenchmen or Dutchmen, but that there were a few of 
other nationalities. Among the latter was one John Hoogley or 
Hoogling, who was born in New York of Dutch parents, was the 
Pilot oi La Paix, one of the foremost in the plundering of the 
prisoners, and as many said was "held in much esteem by the 
Pirates." He spoke English very well, was about 30 years old, 
and a " thick sett fellow, with short curled hair, round face & a 
great thick neck." He made, during the fight, several visits to 
the prisoners in the hold, who numbered forty or fifty, and who 
were of course very anxious to know how the fight was going, 
and what was to be their own fate. 



At his first visit, he told them "Oh ! Damn her, she is a little 
thing and we will soon have her;" a few hours later, he said "he 
hoped in a short time to get to windward of them and have the 
dogs," and about 3 p. m. he announced that La Paix, having 
been forecd into shallow water, where she was at the mercy of the 
Shoreham, they — the Pirates — had determined not to surrender, 
but to blow up their Ship with all on board. 

As may be supposed, at hearing this the prisoners were alarmed 
for their own safety, and joined heartily in the suggestion that one 
of their number should swim to the Shoreham and inform the 
commanding offieer of the resolution of the pirates, and the deplor- 
able condition of the prisoners in their hands. 

At the instance of Capt. Samuel Harrison of the Pennsylvania 
Merchant and others, permission was obtained for John Lumpany, 
a young man of 23 and one of the passengers on the Pennsylvania 
Merchant, to undertake this mission and thereby, as was hoped, 
save the lives of the prisoners. 

That he was successful we have seen, and he returned with the 
following document given to him by Governor Nicholson, viz. : 

"Virginia ss 

On board his Matys Ship Shoreham off Cape Henry this 29th 
April 1700 betwixt four and five of the Clock post meridiem. 

Whereas Cap! Lewis Guillar Commander of the Laypasse hath 
proffer'd to surrender himself men and Ship, together with what 
effects therunto belonging provided he may have quarter, which I 
grant him on the performance of the same and refer him and his 
men to the mercy of my royal Master King William the third 
whom God preserve. 

Given under my hand and Lesser Seale at armes the day and 
yeare above written. 

Fr. Nicholson. 

About four o'clock the pirates hauled down their " blood red 
flag," hoisted a white flag and eeased firing, after a fight lasting 
ten hours, during which twenty-five or thirty of them were killed 
and many wounded, but of these there is no number given. 

Of the casualties on the Shoreham there is no mention except 



in one instance. . Peter Hayman, Esq., who went on board with 
Governor Nicholson, was killed by a shot from the pirate, while 
standing on the quarter deck, by the side of the Governor. 

The Shoreham, however, received much damage, had to have a 
new mainmast, and undergo many repairs before she was fit for 
another cruise. • 

It has been said that after the capture of the Pennsylvania 
Merchant, the Pirates told Capt. Harrison that when they had 
taken in water they would go out again to meet a pink which 
belonged to them, and would soon be near the Capes of the 
Chesapeake. This pink (whose name is not given) was a vessel 
of about one hundred tons, and forty or fifty men, but carried no 
great guns, only small arms, and was a remarkably fast sailer. 
On the 23d of April, or on the same day that La Paix was seen 
from the Pennsylvania Merchant, this pink seized, about thirty 
leagues from Cape Henry, the ship Barbadoes Merchant of Liver- 
pool, bound to Virginia, and in the language of Capt. Fletcher, 
" They, designing to get some good ship and more company, used 
much kindness to Deponent and his men, persuading them to join 
the Pirates, but when they refused, the Pirates used them cruelly, 
cut away his masts, sails, rigging and bowspritt, threw overboard 
their books, took all their candles, broke the compass, and disabled 
them so that they supposed the ship would perish and never give 
any intelligence." 

The pirates stripped the Captain and beat him with the flat 
of their cutlasses, amused themselves with jeering at the Captain 
and crew, and asked why they cut away their masts, complained 
that there was no ammunition nor tobacco on board and left them, 
taking the Carpenter and one other man, and the ship's long-boat. 

Fortunately the foremast, and its sails and rigging were close 
to the ship, and the crew getting them on board, rigged jury 
masts, and made sail upon her, so that on the Sunday evening 
before the battle in Lynnhaven Bay, the ship got in the Capes 
and anchored in Accomac. 

This same pink captured a brigantine which had just come out 
of the Capes, in sight of the house of Adam Hayes, about eight 
or ten miles south of Cape Henry, and after taking from her 



sails, her foreyard and provisions, cut off her rudder head in order 
to disable her, and plundering the chests of the crew, left her and 
stood away to the North East. 

They also took and scuttled a ship of about 110 Tons, which 
had been loaded in York River, and was believed to be a ship 
commanded by Capt. Wheeler " who brot the Brandy and Wine 
into York river." 

A boat came ashore in Queen Anne County, Va., with seven 
men who had been prisoners on this pink and were sent off — as 
they supposed — because it was too crowded on board, there being 
nine left, in addition to the fifty pirates. 

On hearing of these facts, Mr. Adam Thorougood, Sheriff of 
Queen Anne County, sent a letter to Capt. Passenger to inform 
him of the depredations beiug committed by this pink. This 
letter Capt. Passenger gave to Mr. Benjamin Harrison with the 
request that he would give it to the Governor, as he, Capt. 
Passenger, could not then write, because there was "much 
Company still with him," although Mr. Harrison and some others 
were then going ashore. 

Mr. Harrison wrote from Williamsburg at ten o'clock in the 
evening, and dispatched his letter to the Governor at Jamestown, 
which was still the Capital and the residence of the Governor, 
and was distant from Williamsburg about seven miles. 

At eleven o'clock on the same evening the Governor wrote to 
Capt. Passenger "if his Maj tys Ship 'Shoreham' under your 
command be at present capable of going to Sea to look after the 
Pirates in the Pink &c. I would have you do it so soon as God 
willing wind and weather permits, but if the ' Shoreham ' be not 
in a sailing condition then you may if you think convenient, send 
y r boat or boats to look after sd Pirates in order either to take or 
burn the sd Pink & I hereby authorize & impower you to stop 
all Ships & vessels from going out of the Capes & order them to 

The Shoreham was not in a condition to go, but Capt. Passen- 
ger sent several boats under the command of his first Lieutenant. 
They could not sec anything of the pink, nor was she again heard 
of near the Capes. 



The damage done by La Paix and her consort was very great, 
and may be summed up as follows, viz. : one ship burned, another 
sunk, four captured, 110 casks of tobacco, a great deal in bulk, 
many goods from England thrown overboard, two brigantines 
captured and much damaged, one pink and one sloop captured, 
make a list, which, without taking into consideration the anxiety 
and suffering of forty or fifty prisoners held on La Paix, caused 
much alarm among the inhabitants of Maryland and Virginia. 

At a Court of Admiralty held at Hampton Town, the following 
order was passed on the 15th May, viz. : 

"The Court orders the said Ship called the 'Peace' be for- 
feited with all her guns ammunition sails furniture & apparel to 
be divided & apportioned accdg to rules & orders of the sea in 
such cases made & provided. 

Edwd. Hill." 

A true Copy 

Miles Cary Reg r 

An inventory, which was taken after the captured goods had 
been returned to their owners, shows that La Paix carried on 
deck twenty iron guns with all things belonging to them, and that 
in addition there were in the hold 13 guns, of which 8 had 
carriages and 5 none. There were "30 fire arms," 2 barrels 
of pistol-shot, and 32 half and quarter barrels of gunpowder, 
but nothing is said of large shot of any kind, or of cutlasses, 
without which weapon one can hardly imagine a pirate. 

In the matter of provisions, there was one barrel of beef, 13 
casks of bread, 19 barrels of flour (of which 2 were musty), 1 
cask of oatmeal and 3 jars of oil, a small supply for 140 men ; 
and it must have been a matter of congratulation among them 
when they saw themselves with such a supply of provisions as 
they found on the captured ships, congratulations which were 
however soon turned to curses on their ill fortune in venturing 
inside the Capes. 

When the pirates surrendered, it was on the conditions set forth 
in Governor Nicholson's letter, viz. : Quarter to the captain and 



his men, and he refers them to the mercy of the King ; so that 
it is not easy to understand why three of them were tried and 
condemned to death at Kiquotan, " pursuant to an Act of Assembly 
about pirates, the same as in Maryland." Such is the fact, and 
they were : John Hougling or Hoogley, of whom mention has 
been made several times, as one of the leading men on the pirate 
ship ; Cornelius Franc, a Dutchman, and Francois Delanne, a 

These prisoners, however, made their escape from the house in 
which they were confined (although they were guarded by six 
armed men) by undermining the house, and crossing the bay in a 
canoe which they found near the place of their confinement. 

Pursuit was begun at once, and twenty pounds reward was 
offered for the apprehension of each one of the three, alive or 
dead. They were stopped and held prisoners by Mr. Edmond 
Curtis, on Sunday morning, as he thought they were pirates or 
marauders of some kind. They were delivered to the Sheriff of 
Princess Anne County, and were executed according to the 
sentence pronounced by the Court. The others were sent home 
to England iu irons, and all the blacksmiths in and near Kiquotan 
were kept busy for several days making shackles for them. 

Twenty-five or thirty of the pirates were killed in the fight, 
eight died of their wounds, three were executed in Virginia and 
ninety-nine were sent to England by the first fleet, which sailed 
on the 9th June, 1700, and numbered 57 ships, convoyed by 
the Essex Prize. Two of the ships, the Indian King and the 
Nicholson, which had been in the hands of the pirates a short 
time before, now carried, the first, five and the second, three, 
of the pirates who were on their way to England, to learn what 
fate was to be awarded to them. What became of them, the 
writer has not been able to learn and with their departure from 
Virginia must end the story of "A Pirate in the Chesapeake 




In the beginning of its life Baltimore was rather insignificant. 
Its first defence was a stockade, as the only enemies to be feared 
were the savage Indians, who were quite near neighbors and quite 

In 1752 Baltimore contained but about 200 people. Their 
distribution is indicated pretty well by the position of the stoekade 
just mentioned, which was the only defence needed at that time. 

The stoekade was of wood and arranged for defenee by small 
arms only. It had two gates for ingress and egress, one at what 
was then the west end of Baltimore street, as it is now ealled, near 
its intersection with McClellan Alley. The second gate was on 
Gay street, near the present bridge over Jones' Falls. There was 
also a small gate for footmen near the present intersection of 
Charles and Saratoga streets. 

This stockade did not last long, as it was probably built of 
unseasoned trees, and its disappearance was hastened by the need 
for fire wood one very cold and severe winter, soon after its 

In 1755 it had disappeared when the need for some defence was 
again strongly felt, as against the Indians, who became much 
emboldened in their threats and raids upon the settlements of the 
whites. This increased aggressiveness on their part was due to 
the disastrous defeat of Braddock near Fort Du Quesne in July, 

In 1756 the Indians approached within 30 miles of Baltimore. 
The inhabitants of the little town, in expectation of attack by 
them, raised a considerable sum of money for the purchase of 
arms and ammunition, and would no doubt have built another 
stockade if the Indians had not soon withdrawn. 

The next recorded step in the growth of the defences of Balti- 



more was twenty years later, in March, 1776, when much alarm 
was caused by the appearance in the Bay of the British ship Otter. 
It became necessary then to prepare for a defence on the water 
side, as the enemy was expected from that direction, whereas none 
such was needed against the Iudians. A ship, called the Defence, 
which was nearly completed in the harbor at that time, was hastily 
prepared for service. While the Otter did not tarry long, the scare 
hastened the construction of certain defences which had been ordered 
by the Provincial authorities. A boom was put in position between 
the Lazaretto and Whetstone Point or Neck, the latter being the 
present site of Fort MeHenry. Earthen batteries were built and 
guns mounted at those points. A chain was also stretched across 
the mouth of the harbor supported by twenty-one small sunken 
vessels. This last obstruction was soon removed as it impeded 
navigation too much. Beacon stations were also prepared on the 
shores of the river and Bay, to assist by lights at night and other 
signals by day in giving timely notice of the approach of an enemy. 

I have not been able to diseover that any special excitement 
was caused in Baltimore while Arnold, after his defection on the 
Hudson in 1781, was raiding the country on the lower Chesapeake, 
at which time Richmond was burned, Petersburg suffered greatly, 
and the country near them was plundered. 

In 1794 the battery on Whetstone Point was repaired and the 
present enclosed bastioned fort was built. The whole property 
was ceded to the United States and received its present name after 
James MeHenry, who had been Secretary to Genl. Washington 
during the war of the Revolution and became Secretary of War 
in 1798. 

In 1798, when England and France were at war, it seemed 
probable that the United States might be drawn into it. The 
citizens of Baltimore subscribed money to build two sloops of war 
called the Maryland and the Chesapeake, which were presented to 
the Government of the United States. 

Baltimore remaiued in tranquillity, so far as danger from attack 
was concerned, until March, 1813, when news came of the depre- 
dations committed by Admiral Cockburn at several points on the 
shores of the Bay ; but the excitement became very great when, on 



the 16th of April, 1813, he appeared at the mouth of the river 
with his fleet and threatened the city. Active operations were at 
once begun by the authorities of the State and city to strengthen 
the old defences and erect new ones. In these efforts they were 
aided by officers of the Army and Navy of the United States, who 
were detailed for the purpose. Fort McHenry, which was in bad 
condition, was repaired. A large water battery was erected in 
front of it, which still stands, and Fort Covington was built. 
Furnaces were prepared for heating shot, and other minor but 
important defensive arrangements were made, such as improving 
the means of intercommunication between the several points occu- 
pied. The British Admiral continued to blockade the Patapsco 
and to raid and depredate the shores of the Bay. It is quite 
probable he would then have made an attack on the city if he had 
not been deterred by the belief that his force was not sufficiently 
strong to cope successfully with the defences of which he had heard 
so much. 

In June, 1814, the expected British reinforcements came. 
Baltimore meanwhile had continued vigorously working on her 
defences. In August, 1814, the attack was made by way of the 
Patuxcnt river on the city of Washington, which was captured 
and burned by the British naval and land forces of Cockburn and 
Ross. A small naval force was left, however, near the mouth of 
the Patapsco. A flotilla under Barney had meantime been pre- 
pared and did excellent service in opposing raiding parties. 

But the British soon returned to prepare for the delayed assault 
on Baltimore. They were full of exultation over their success 
against the capital of the Union and they were also especially 
exasperated against Baltimore because she had sent out so many 
clipper ships to prey on the commerce of England. Baltimore 
was, moreover, a prize worth the seeking by any foe, as she had 
now become our third city in population and the fourth in wealth 
and commerce. But she was not destined to become the prey of 
her enemies. Her brave people were not dismayed by the disaster 
at Washington, though so near and so serious, but prepared with 
renewed activity for the vigorous and gallant and successful resist- 
ance they made a little later. 



The British had forgotten the lesson of thirty-five years before, 
taught at Lexington, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, Yorktown and else- 
where, which was expressed in the thought crystallized in the 
glorious words of Key of Maryland, that this is " the land of the 
free and the home of the brave." 

It is interesting here to recall the fact that the inspiration of the 
"Star Spangled Banner" came to Key at a point about midway 
between Fort McHenry and the site of Fort Carroll, when he was 
for a short time detained by the British Admiral on one of his 
ships during the attack on Fort McHenry. 

In September, 1814, the crisis came. Work on the defences 
had been conducted with skill and vigor, and good progress had 
been made. Besides Fort McHenry and its water battery on 
Whetstone Point, there were Fort Covington and the City (or 
Babcock) battery on the Patapsco side. Also at the end of Light 
street near the present Fort Avenue there was an unfinished 
redoubt for seven guns. There was also a battery of four guns at 
Lazaretto Point, opposite Fort McHenry. Vessels were sunk 
between these two points and also in the river towards the Anne 
Arundel shore. Lines of intrenchments were also constructed on 
Loudenslager's Hill in and near what is now known as Patterson 
Park. The batteries and lines are all shown on the map made by 
Col. Kearney of the United States Engineers. 

To the details of the engagement called the Battle of North 
Point and the attack on Fort McHenry, I shall return later, when 
commenting on some of the features of a proper defence of any 
locality with special application to Baltimore and its environs. 

As the city grew it became necessary to provide defences 
farther down the river. This led to the adoption of the site now 
occupied by Fort Carroll, which was so named in honor of Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. This is the best location in the whole 
river for a work of defence for heavy guns. One of its six faces 
looks right down the channel aloug which large ships must come, 
and the fire of the big guns from that face of Fort Carroll would 
rake them from stem to stern. The deep channel, as it passes 
this point, is between it and Hawkins' Point, which is but a mile 



Preparations were made for beginning work at Fort Carroll 
about 1847, under the direction of Major Ogden of the United 
States Corps of Engineers, but in 1848 he was sueeeeded by 
Captain and Brevet-Col. Robert E. Lee, of the same eorps, who 
remained in eharge until 1852, when Lee went to West Point as 
Superintendent and Avas sueeeeded here by Capt. Brewerton. 

I hope to be excused here for interjecting the personal state- 
ment that I was then (1852) a eadet at West Point and saw 
Robert E. Lee for the first time. He was in his 44th year, in 
the prime of his magnificent manhood in mind and body. His 
fame as a soldier from the Mexican War made him an object of 
great attractiveness to the cadets who were in training for the 
profession he adorned ; and to my youthful eyes he seemed 
the most splendid man I had ever seen, and in truth he was as 
splendid as any man of ancient or modern times. His son Custis, 
also a eadet at the time, was one of my personal friends, and thus 
I was privileged to see the home life of Genl. Lee who was as 
charming there as everywhere else where he was known. 

Fort Carroll was built in the water where it was twelve or 
fifteen feet deep. Its walls are on piles whieh were driven as far 
as they would go. On the top of these was plaeed a wooden 
grillage, and upon the grillage the massive stones of the founda- 
tion were laid with the use of the diving bell. The spaee thus 
enclosed was filled with material excavated from the channel near 
by. The walls are faced with granite and filled with eonerete. 
The aetual construction was commenced by Col. Lee and con- 
tinued mainly by Capt. Brewerton, but to some extent also by 
Foster and Whiting. 

I may remark that there was never a finer pieee of engineering 
work of its kind. Its designer was Genl. Totten, then Chief of 
Engineers of the Army. It was arranged after the style of a 
half eentury ago, before the range and power of naval guns 
became so great. It was intended to have about 225 guns, three 
tiers in easemates, and one in barbette. When the walls had been 
earried up above the level of the second tier of easemates the 
whole structure was found to be settling, and work on it was 
suspended for nearly 40 years, during whieh interval the sub- 



sidence ceased. It was never completed according to the original 
design, but it has now been converted into a modern battery with 
heavy rifled guns of the best kinds. If finished according to the 
original plan it could have resisted successfully the naval guns 
of that time. This was demonstrated by the fact that Fort 
Sumter in Charleston harbor, a fort very much of the same kind 
as Fort Carroll, though attacked by the powerful fleet of Dupont 
in 1861 and later by Dahlgren, was almost uninjured by the 
Navy, and its guns sent to the bottom more than one of the 
attacking monitors and ironclads. It was later knocked to pieces 
by the guns of Genl. Gilmore's batteries, but his attack was on 
the land side, a quarter where an enemy had never been expected 
to appear. 

While Fort Carroll was in my charge, and the superior 
authorities had decided not to build it higher in masonry, I was 
engaged in deepening and widening the ship channel whence a 
large amount of earth and sand was being removed. I proposed 
to the then Chief of Engineers to cover the masonry walls with 
this material to any proper thickness and thus convert it into an 
earthwork aud prepare it for receiving a battery of the heaviest 
guns on the top. But Congress was not then in a mood for doing 
anything with works of defence, and Fort Carroll remained an 
eye-sore and an object of derision for many years to the ignorant 
passers-by who were not aware of its possibilities. It may not 
be generally known that there is in the centre of Fort Carroll an 
artesian well, supplying very good water, fit for use in case of 
an emergency. There is also one at Fort McHenry, but at the 
latter place the water of the city is now furnished and distributed. 

During the Mexican War there was no reason for apprehending 
an attack by water, so that nothing was done to increase the 
defences of Baltimore. During the Civil War an earthwork was 
built on Federal Hill aud another, called Fort Marshall, on the 
high ground opposite Fort McHenry and overlooking it. 

A number of small field works were put up on the outskirts of 
the city and other arrangements made for the purpose mainly of 
keeping out raiding parties of Confederate cavalry, and there was 
great excitement and alarm in the city after Early's victory over 



Wallace at the Monocacy and while Lee was in Maryland and 
Pennsylvania before and after the great battle of Gettysburg. A 
few of these small works still remain. There is, for instance, one 
in a prominent place at the Madison Avenue entrance of Druid 
Hill Park. 

For years as Baltimore continued to grow in wealth, size and 
importance, and especially when it was decided to make a shorter, 
deeper channel from the Bay to the city, and so increase the ease 
of approach by heavy ships of war as well as of commerce, and 
there was so much feeling in Congress and among the people 
against continuing work on structures of masonry like Fort 
Carroll and Fort Wool at the Rip-Raps near Fort Monroe, that 
it was clearly seen by those whose duty it was to prepare proper 
defences when the means were given for that purpose, that other 
sites on land should be procured for the erection of batteries for 
heavy guns. I labored for years to get for the United States 
possession of Hawkins' Point, which is one of the most important 
in a proper system of defence for Baltimore. And the same was 
true of North Point. But it was only after I went to Washington 
in 1895 as Chief of Engineers, by personal and persistent efforts 
with my military superiors and committees of Congress, that I 
succeeded in having the proper steps taken for acquiring those two 
sites and one other in this harbor, on which are now as fine bat- 
teries as are to be found anywhere in the world. 

The spell having been broken, equal success followed in the 
efforts to secure additional sites for fortifications at Portland, Bos- 
ton, Newport, New York, on the Delaware, the Potomac, at 
Hampton Roads, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Key West, 
Pensacola, Galveston, all along the Pacific coast at important 
points from San Diego, near the Mexican border, to the British at 
the Straits of Fuca. 

All sorts of objections were made to the purchase of these sites, 
a very frequent one being that the United States would suffer 
greatly at the hands of speculators. This objection will always 
apply when the Government undertakes to buy any property ; but 
if honest agents are employed, there is no reason why fraud should 
be perpetrated. There were local objections made to the acquisi- 



tion of almost every site ; some founded on ignorance even in high 
places. To illustrate : — When I urged a high official to permit 
steps to be taken for the acquisition of sites on the Patapsco, such 
as Hawkins' and North Points, and on the Potomac near Fort 
Washington, and at Sheridan's Point, &c, he replied, under the 
advice of one of his ablest assistants about other matters, that while 
Fort Monroe was in place there was no need for defences on the 
Patapsco and Potomac. It was supposed that ships from the 
ocean coming up the Bay passed under the guns of Fort Monroe. 
A glance at the map will show what a mistake that was. 

Until within the past few years it was considered useless to 
erect batteries at the wide entrance between the capes of the 
Chesapeake, and it was expected to depend upon floating batteries 
to protect that entrance. The mention of these should be included 
in the defences of Baltimore. Now that the ranges and power of 
guns are so vastly iucreased, it is deemed expedient to select 
locations for batteries on land at that entrance. These are of 
importance to Baltimore. 

Besides the procuring of sites on which to erect batteries, money 
was equally necessary to pay for the guns and the platforms, para- 
pets, magazines, &c, required to mount and serve them. After 
the most persistent efforts, in which I was cordially sustained by 
Genl. Schofield, then in command of the Army, also by Secretary 
Lamont and President Cleveland, Congress was induced at its 
session of 1895-6 to grant the largest appropriation for fortifica- 
tious known in our history up to that time. Active work was 
begun on new batteries on the new sites, and in remodeling the 
old batteries, many of which were almost in ruins. This seemed 
providential, as, when the war with Spain broke out, many of the 
new and old batteries had been put in such condition as to be 
capable of excellent service in conjunction with the torpedoes 
whose use had been for years a matter of special and thorough, 
but quiet and unostentatious, study and preparation at the Engineer 
School at Willett's Point in New York Harbor. 

At the time of the trouble over the Virginius in Cuban waters, 
when war with Spain seemed inevitable, and we had no navy worth 
speaking of, and our coast was almost defenceless, all that could 



be done in the harbor of Baltimore, as money for the purpose was 
very scarce, was to mount one fifteen-inch smooth-bore gun at 
Fort Carroll and to renovate the old water battery at McHenry. 
Arrangements were made to sink hulks, &c, in the channel, to 
prevent the ingress of Spanish ships, a very sure way also to stop 
commerce in ships of heavy draught. A little later the new 
earthen battery along the sea wall at Fort McHenry was built 
under my direction. It is still in good condition but no guns 
have yet been mounted in it. 

I return now for a few moments to the attack on Baltimore iu 
1814, to draw special attention to a matter which is deemed 
important enough to be thus noticed. The engagement near 
North Point, between the British and American forces, took place 
September 12th, 1814, a day which should be ever memorable, 
but I will not here allude to its details. On the morning of the 
next day (the 13th), the British fleet opened fire on Fort McHenry 
about sunrise from a distance of about two miles. The bombard- 
ment was kept up but with no great effect. About midnight it 
was found that a fleet of small boats had slipped past Fort 
McHenry in the darkness and that a force of about twelve 
hundred men, provided with scaling ladders and other appliances, 
was about to disembark, with the expectation of taking Fort 
McHenry in the rear. This attempt was brought to naught by 
the fire of the guns in Fort Covington and the batteries near it. 

While the bombardment of Fort McHenry was in progress the 
American forces withdrew from their first position and took up 
another at and near Loudenslager's Hill. The British followed. 
The boat attack, which was made about midnight of the 13th, 
had failed. The British forces on the North Point side withdrew 
about two or three hours later, but the bombardment of Fort 
McHenry continued some time longer in order to cover the retreat 
of the boat party and to draw attention from the retrograde 
movement of the forces on the other side. 

The point to which I wish now to call special attention is the 
importance of not omitting, in the plans for the defence of any 
important position, to prepare and maintain an interior line to 
play just such a part as was taken by Fort Covington and the 



adjacent batteries in the attack on Baltimore in 1814. At that 
time Fort McHenry and Lazaretto Point formed the outer line 
of defence against the Naval attack, the inner being at Fort 
Covington and the adjacent batteries. At this day the existing 
water battery at Fort McHenry should be maintained in the best 
condition, armed with rapid fire and rifled guns, as an inner line, 
to repel small vessels which might in the night or in the smoke of 
battle pass the outer lines of North Point and Carroll. 

A few more words with reference to the general principles of 
the proper system of defence for any locality. 

A fundamental principle is that every point should be under a 
heavy fire where an enemy's ships could lie and fire upon the city, 
or other object to be defended. The greatly increased range of 
guns used by the navy and the increased mobility which steam 
and improved machinery give to every ship make it necessary for 
the main lines of defence to be much more distant than formerly 
from the object to be defended. 

Moreover instead of depending on a single large work with 
very many guns in a comparatively small space upon which the 
fire of the hostile fleet could be concentrated, the idea now is to 
have several separate batteries, heavily armed, so located as 
to converge their fire on the fleet or any one of its ships. Of 
course, when time allows, the path of an advancing fleet and other 
points the ships might reach in their manoeuvres should be also 
protected by torpedoes. A most important point is that the 
torpedoes should always be under the fire of the guns of the 
defence to make them as safe as possible from interference and 
removal by the enemy. 

Besides its use in connection with torpedoes in the defence, 
electricity is a most important help in the handling by machinery 
of the huge ammunition of the present day, also for the prompt 
transmission of orders and other communications between the 
different batteries of a system and the different parts of a single 
large battery, so as to facilitate the control of the fire of every 
battery and gun to the best advantage for effect upon the enemy. 

Of course advantage should be taken, with proper judgment, 
of the modern rifled, breech-loading guns with disappearing 



carriages, as well as of the huge mortars whose projectiles are so 
destructive, and the accuracy of whose fire, as well as their range, 
so much greater than formerly. The rapid fire gun is also a most 
important adjunct in the defence. A few other points I will only 
allude to very briefly. 

It is maintained by some that we need no land defences, but 
should depend upon the navy to take care of our coast cities and 
harbors. If we had but one port, we might perhaps do so, but 
even then our navy would be tied up from the exercise of its 
proper function, which is to be aggressive. For stationary work 
the land defences are very much cheaper in the beginning, and 
also for maintenance. The lives of ships are very short. England 
has the most powerful navy in the world, and yet her ports bristle 
with guns in numerous and powerful batteries on shore, and the 
same is true of every great European power. To insure depend- 
ence on the navy for defence against a foreign enemy or a 
combination of several nations against us would require that we 
should have a navy so large as to permit us to station at or near 
almost every important port or harbor ships enough to resist a 
powerful naval attack upon it. To do that would bankrupt even 
the overflowing treasury of the United States. 

No civilized nation dispenses with land defences, no matter how 
powerful its navy may be. Turkey and China do. Shall we 
follow their example ? I think not. 

One hostile ship, suddenly appearing where there were incom- 
plete land defences or none, and when a defensive fleet happened 
to be away from its station, could inflict an enormous damage in 
an hour, and then be off" to some other exposed point. We have 
not yet forgotten how Boston and other ports where the defences 
were incomplete at the beginning of the late war with Spain were 
alarmed for fear a single Spanish ship of war should attack them. 
How much greater cause for apprehension would have existed if 
our enemy had been England, or France, or Germany ! We do 
not forget how San Francisco was excited, and the whole country 
for her, when it seemed probable we might have war with Chile 
some years ago. And we must not forget the already formidable 
naval power of Japan. 



The relative strength and endurance of forts and ships have 
often been tested in actual contest, and I believe the assertion is 
entirely safe that forts, properly constructed, properly equipped, 
properly manned, and properly fought, have always proved them- 
selves the better as against ships. They are far cheaper in first 
cost, gun for gun, as also for maintenance. Their defenders may 
know, and should know, if properly instructed, every point where 
a hostile ship could be, and can concentrate their fire upon every 
such point in succession. Even if the ships concentrate their fire 
upon any one of the separate batteries, they are at the same time 
exposed to the concentrated fire of all the other batteries whose 
officers know beforehand exactly the range of every point within 
their field of fire. Much stress is laid upon the advantage given 
to ships by their ability to move from point to point. This is of 
far more importance for ships against each other in the open, as 
was demonstrated at Santiago; but the conditions are very different 
in the defenee of ehannels and harbors where the great draught of 
formidable ships makes their limits of motiou very contracted, 
and where it is arranged that they can neither move nor be still 
at any point where their fire would be dangerous without being 
themselves exposed to a concentrated fire. 

There are places for which very little protection can be giveu 
by forts ; but these are few. Such, for example, are Chieago and 
Galveston, that are built up to the very edge of the water by 
which an enemy would come to attack them. 

To come nearer home I may say that the great establishment at 
Sparrow's Point is vulnerable in the harbor of Baltimore, and it 
is well worth defending. For this and other reasons I believe 
the day will come when a big battery will be located at Bodkin 
Point whieh is still further to the front than North Point. 

It may also be expedient some day to put a strong battery on 
the shoal now called Seven-Foot Kuoll, where an artificial island 
could soon be made with the material that is removed in such 
large quantities from the continued deepening of the channel. 

It may be that the dirigible balloon, which seems likely to be a 
success at no distant day, will cause a complete change in the 
methods of war, if it does not put an end to it. A big balloon, 



loaded with dynamite and hovering over a city, a battery or a 
fleet, would soon bring it to terms. Batteries and ships could be 
rendered useless. As Sherman said, " War is Hell," and if an 
end can be put to it from the fear of its dreadful attendants and 
consequences let us welcome the balloon with its destructive 

In this country we see the contests of men, corporations, and 
even great sovereign States settled in peace, by appeal to the 
highest legal tribunals. Why may not the increased expense and 
horrors of this remnant of barbarism, called War, lead civilized 
nations to have reeourse to a great international tribunal to settle 
their disputes without resort to brute force and violence ? 

Then, even if there be not " good will among men," there can 
be " peace on earth," and a great advance will be made toward 
the end of things when the Prince of Peace will come to reign 
over the whole earth "from the rising of the sun even to the 
going down of the same." May God hasten that day ! 


[From the Gist Pafers in the collections op the Maryland 
Historical Society.] 

On publick Service 

Colonel Mordecai Gist 


Head Quarters Morristown 12 l ? March 1777 


You are hereby required immediately to send me an exact 
return of the state of your Regiment, and to march all the 
Recruits you have to Philadelphia, where they will be innoculatcd, 



and receive further orders from the Commanding Officer in that 

No plea's for delay, drawn from the dispersion of the Officers 
and Men, can be admitted. 

Every Commanding Officer should know where his inferior 
Officers, and those where their Recruits, are ; and shou'd be able 
to collect them in the most expeditious manner. 

You and the Major must come on with the Regiment, leaving 
behind a sufficient number of proper Officers to carry on the 
Recruiting Service ; Also the Lieu? Col? to direct and hurry them 
on as fast as they get the compliment of men respectively assign' d 
to them 

I am Sir 

Your H b ? e Serv? 
Co 1 . 1 Mordecai Gist. G Washington 

To Colonel Mordecai Gist 


The Congress having called upon the State of Maryland to 
furnish a number of Militia to assist in repelling the Invasion 
of the Enemy by way of Chesepeak Bay and appointed Brigad r 
Smallwood and yourself to arrange — conduct and command them, 
You are to repair, without loss of Time to George Town on 
Sassafras on the Eastern Shore of that State, or elsewhere on the 
East side of Chesepeak Bay, where the Militia are assembling for 
the purpose aforesaid, and to arrange & form them as soon as 
possible into the best order you can ; — Which having done, you 
are to march them immediately towards the Head of Elk within 
a convenient distance to harrass and annoy the Enemy's right 
Flank and the parties they may send out ; either while they 
remain there, or in any march they may attempt towards Phila- 
delphia, or into the Country. For this purpose you will occupy 
the best posts you can, having regard to the security of your 
Corps against sudden attacks and surprizes by the Enemy. To 
prevent the Latter, it will be necessary to keep out constant 



patroles & scouting parties, and you will also use every means in 
your power, to obtain good information of their situation and the 
earliest intelligence of their designs & intended movements. 

You will report to me an Account of your Arrival — the place 
where — the Amount of your Force, and every Occurrence from 
time to time that you may consider material and necessary. 

In a peculiar manner you will extend your care to the Cattle — 
Horses & Stock of all kinds, lying contiguous to the Enemy and 
within such a distance, that there may be a probability of their 
falling into their Hands. These must be driven out of their 
reach, and All Waggons & Carts removed that might facilitate the 
movement of their Baggage and Stores. 

I shall not enlarge upon this occasion nor enter into a more 
minute detail for your conduct, observing at the same time, that 
the situation of the Enemy, calls loudly for the exertions of All, 
and that I cannot but recommend the strictest care — attention — 
and dispatch in executing the Objects of your command. 

You will speak to the Quarter Master & Commissaries of 
provisions & storage and agree with them upon a mode by which 
you may be supplied with such necessaries, as you may have 
occasion for in the Line of their respective Departments. 

There is One thing more which I would mention, Viz — If 
there should be any Mills in the Neighbourhood of the Enemy, 
and which may be liable to fall into their hands, the Runners 
should be removed and secured. This can be of no injury, or but 
a temporary one to the proprietors, while it will effectually prevent 
the Enemy from using the Mills. Grain too, should be carried 
out of their way, as far as circumstances will admit. 

Given at Wilmington this 31 st day of 
Augt 1777. 

G? Washington 1 



Brig : Geri Gist 

Head Quarters Passaic Falls 13 1 ? Novemr. 1780. 

Dear Sir 

I have rec. your favor of the 26* ult? with a Return of the 
Maryland additional Regiment, and a Copy of General Gates's 
instructions to you. You will, I presume before this reaches you, 
have seen Major General Greene, in his way to take the command 
of the southern Army, and will have received from him such 
further directions as he may have thought necessary. 

I shall be glad of a line from you, from time to time, informing 
me of the progress of raising and forwarding the Recruits. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your most ob' Serv^ 

G? Washington 

public service 


Brig5 General Gist 



Head Quarters New Windsor 2* Jan? 1781. 

Dear Sir 

I am pleased to hear, by yours of the 15'! 1 ult?, that the 
Legislature of your State are making spirited exertions and 
preparations against the next Campaign. This seems to be the 
prevailing disposition, but I fear the means which have been 
generally adopted, for procuring Men, will not answer. Where 
there is an alternative of Money or Men, the former will be 
preferred by the Classes, as being least troublesome. 

M" Washington informs me, that when she passed thro' Balti- 
more, you were at a loss to know how to apply the Shirts 
purchased by the subscription of the Ladies. I wonder at that, 
as I had. sometime before, written to M? Governor Lee, and 



desired that they might all be sent to the southern Army. My 
letter, I presume, had not then reached her, or she had not 
communicated intentions to those who have the care of them. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your most ob! and hble Serv? 

G? Washington 

Brig! Gem Gist. 

Head Quarters Head of Elk Sept. 7'? 1781 


This will be delivered to you by the Officer of the French 
Navy, who brought the Dispatches from the Count de Grasse ; if 
before his return to Baltimore, you shall have found a conveyance 
for the Letter addressed to the Count which was forwarded from 
hence this morning, the Cutter will remain and act as a Convoy to 
Fleet in its passage down the Bay; if on the contrary, those 
dispatches have not been sent on for the Count de Grasse, the 
Commanding Officer of the Cutter is to take charge of them and 
proceed directly to the Count. 

I am Sir, Your most 

Obedient Humble Servant . 
Brigade Gen 1 . 1 Gist G? Washington 

a duplicate of this was sent by an express 
this day, thro' a mistake 

Brigadier General Gist 





I have wondered that so little is known of Baltimore previous 
to 1730. Indeed a recent historian states that, "no living man 
could tell with any degree of certainty where the County Seat of 
Baltimore County was first located." People are usually fond of 
tracing their ancestors except when poverty is suspected ; but how- 
ever this suspicion of poverty may affect individuals, a large city 
should not fear the closest investigation of its origin, because the 
more humble the ancestor, the more strikingly contrasted are the 
growth, wealth and commerce of the great-grandchild. 

Baltimore County, established in 1659, included the upper part 
of the Eastern Shore above Chester River. Cecil was established 
in 1674, includiug all of Baltimore County on the Eastern Shore. 
Kent County, established in 1706, contained that part of Cecil 
between the Sassafras and Chester Rivers. The first Courts of 
Baltimore County after 1659, were held on the Eastern Shore, as 
shown by the following fact : 

A Seneca Indian was arrested for attempted robbery of the 
house of Mr. Ball, on Patapsco River. Mr. Ball sent him to Major 
Goldsmith, on Bush River, who sent him to the house of Francis 
"Wright, living near North East River at Carpenter's Point, where 
a Court was held June 7th, 1674. Again, another Court was held 
at the house of Captain Thomas Howell, situated near Howell's 
Point in the present Cecil County ; and further, Augustine Her- 
man, of Bohemia Manor, was Justice of the Peace for Baltimore 
County. Where McGregor sat, there was the head of the table. 
Where the General gives orders, there are " Headquarters," and 
where the Court is held, that may be called " the Court House " ; 
but we have evidence yet more direct : — A map published by 
John Thornton and Will Fisher, 1695 in London, presented to 
the Maryland Historical Society, by Wm. Snowden, of Birming- 



ham House, Anne Arundel County (descendant of Col. John 
Snowden, who introduced Iron Smelting into Maryland), discloses 
"Baltimore Manor" between the North East and Elk Rivers, 
and the town of Baltimore on the Elk River, a few miles below 
the present site of Elkton. We feel, therefore, free to state, that 
the first Baltimore town between 1659 and 1674, was in Balti- 
more County, on the Eastern Shore, now Cecil County. Wc now 
proceed to 

The Second Baltimore Town. 

On August, 1875, while engaged in a Mission service, I was on 
my way to the lower end of Bush River Neck, in company with 
Mr. Benedict H. Keen, of Perrymansville. We had reached a 
row of large cedar trees on either side of the road, extending about 
1000 feet in length. I was struck with their venerable appearance 
and their apparent isolation ; no other similar trees being in the 
neighborhood. Immediately after passing this grove, my con- 
ductor, pointing to a field on the right, said, " we arc now at Old 

I looked over the moonlit field and descried as I thought, 
what seemed to be ruins, and I determined to give the subject 
further attention. 

On investigation of Records, maps and other sources of infor- 
mation, I am able to announce that this field was the Original 

Its locality is about seven miles south of Perrymansville, two 
miles southeast of the railroad bridge over Bush River, and four 
miles above the Chesapeake Bay. It is on an isthmus about a 
quarter of a mile wide between Bush River on the south, and 
Rumuey Creek on the north. 

It is remarkable that while the land between Old Baltimore 
and Perrymansville is very barren, that in the vicinity of Old 
Baltimore is reckoned among the most productive in Harford 
County. The present site is a clover field flanked by a corn field 
on the north. 

The town was immediately on Bush River, commanding a noble 
view upwards to the railroad bridge and downwards to the 



Chesapeake Bay, and an expanse of miles far superior to our 
present land-locked Basin. 

The road from the north to the south, starting from a ferry 
over the Susquehanna just below the Havre de Grace railroad 
bridge, crossed Swan Creek, Mosquito Creek, the head of Eumney 
Creek to Old Baltimore ; here at " Old House Point " there was 
a ferry over Bush Bivcr, and this was the grand travel-line 
between the Northern and Southern States. 

In 1658, Baltimore County was established, including not only 
Harford, Cecil and Kent, but all the Western Shore north and 
northwest of Anne Arundel County. Baltimore County was 
divided into Hundreds. The site of our present Baltimore City 
was in Deptford Hundred (then Patapsco Hundred), Gunpowder, 
Middle Biver, and that part on Bush Neck up to the Susque- 
hanna River was known as the " Baltimore Hundreds." 

The " Hundreds " included so many able-bodied men, and 
their history would furnish a most interesting chapter extending 
back to their introduction into England by Alfred the Great, 
derived by him from Denmark, where they yet exist. " Old 
Baltimore" was, in 1674, "New Baltimore." It became old 
when its Court House was removed to Forster's Neck, on Gun- 
powder Biver, in 1700, at which time the ground probably 
reverted to the original proprietor, and has ever since been 
under cultivation. 

" A pile without inhabitants to ruin runs ; " besides this, 
neighbors do not hesitate to remove for their own use brick, 
stone and other available material. For these causes, one would 
not expect to find after more than a hundred years many traces 
of our venerable ancestor, but yet there is enough to identify the 

On entering the gate you see two log houses, such as are 
used by servants oa a plantation. These seem to be very old. 
But what is more valuable, there is a well with its bucket, raised 
by a horizontal pole, at which the Old Baltimore servants gath- 
ered to draw their supplies. 

In the centre of the clover field, there is a spot covered with 
alder bushes, and here may have been the Court House. 



The wharf at "Old House Point" has long since decayed, 
leaving not a vestige, but the large stones which formed the 
abutment still are plainly seen. 

In the eastern part of this field, there is a burial ground, in 
a grove of large walnut trees. The fence which surrounded the 
grove has been removed, but in the midst of the trees is a fine 
marble slab covered with moss, which, when removed disclosed 
the following epitaph : 

" Beneath this stone is reposed the body of James Philips, and 
also in compliance with his dying request, the body of his wife, 
Martha Philips, daughter of John and Elizabeth Paca, born Feb- 
ruary 3d, 1744, married January 25th, 1776, died March 6th, 
1829, having survived her husband twenty-six years. 

May brightest seraphs from the world on high, 
Spread their light pinions o'er thy sleeping tomb, 
And guard the dust within. Till from the sky 
The Savior comes to bid the dead re-bloom — 
Then may they rise ! Together meet their change 
Together hear the plaudit " Rest, well done ! 
Through spheres of light and spheres of glory range 
And sit with Jesus on his dazzling throne. ' ' 

About a quarter of a mile to the north of this field, is the house 
of Mr. Richardson, proprietor of this property. The house is 
built of ancient brick ; two-storied with very steep gables, and 
with a porch at its eastern front. This may probably have been 
the mansion of that day. 

That so few traces should be left, is by no means remarkable. 
As soon as the hand of man is removed, nature begins to efface 
the traces of his sojourn, and what is strange, weeds, flowers and 
trees of a kind differing from the surrounding indigenous vegeta- 
tion occupy the ground. 

Some years ago, I paid a visit to the site of St. Mary's City, 
where was the State House, a Governor's house and other im- 
portant buildings, but beside the grave yard there are very few 
traces even of the ruins. The venerable mulberry tree, under 
which Calvert is said to have landed, will soon be a tradition of 
the past ; and there has been a burial ground in Cecil County 



near Battle Swamp, once a part of Baltimore Couuty, about which 
as little is known as of the ruins of ancient Troy. And thus with 
the relics of Old Baltimore. 

Not satisfied with the investigations derived from Bacon's 
Laws and other fragmentary data, I sought all the maps in our 
three Baltimore libraries, but these were all too late, or if old 
enough, they seemed to miss the very point in question. It oc- 
curred to mc to call on the librarian of the City Hall, and he 
stated to me that a stranger from Richmond had recently visited 
that building, and that on leaving, he had presented a map of 
Maryland and Virginia. This map contained what I wanted. 
Here is " Baltimore " at the junction of Bush River and the 
Chesapeake, there is no Joppa, and not a mark of our present 
Baltimore on the Patapsco. 

This map was presented to the City Hall Library, by Dr. I. 
W. Anderson. It is entitled in French, " Map of Virginia and 
of Maryland, prepared on the grand English map of Messrs. 
Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson, by the Sieur Robert de Vau- 
gondy, official Geographer of the King," with copyright 1755. 

It is remarkable that this was the very year of Braddock's 
defeat, and it suggests that the French King, emboldened by 
success, hoped to include under his dominion the English posses- 
sions of Maryland and Virginia. The fall of Quebec in 1759, 
decided that question. 

On this map are marked two Indian camps, one at Little Caca- 
pon, and the other at Cumberland, both in the then Baltimore 
County, and uncomfortably near the English possessions. 

The location of Baltimore on Bush River, is further corroborated 
by Oglethorpe's map, by Herman's map of 1670, and another by 
Bowen in 1763. 

The dates on the Philips tomb were long after the decadence 
of Old Baltimore in 1700. Where then was the burial place of 
the town ? 

Rev. S. W. Crampton, in 1851, published an account of St. 
George's Parish, in which he states, " The first Church stood near 
Michaelsville, at a place called ' Gravelly.' Here are the almost 
obliterated remains of the Log Church where the first founders of 



this Parish worshipped, while the sunken graves on every side 
mark their last earthly resting places. A bridge near this locality 
called ' Church Bridge,' corroborates this evidence." 

In the journal of Freeborn Garretson in 1809, we read, "I 
preached in a church on Bush River Neck near the Chesapeake 
Bay, and not a mile from the place where I was born and within 
half a mile of where I believe the first church in Maryland was 

I visited this place, and am satisfied that this log church is 
correctly placed by him ; that it was the first church building of 
any kind in Baltimore County, organized about 1671, and that 
this burial ground three miles distant was that of Old Baltimore. 

As the country became more settled and probably with a de- 
sire to reach a less miasmatic region, James Philips, Esq., the 
ancestor of the Philips already mentioned in the epitaph, gave 
in 1718, two acres of ground to the vestry of St. George's Parish, 
at what is now known as " Spesutia Church," and about that 
year, six years after the decadence of Old Baltimore, the remains 
of the dead with their tombstones were probably removed to the 
new burial ground about seven miles westwards. 

The monuments in the Spesutia grouud are of a historical 
character, representing generation after generation. Among the 
names I recognized, was that of Giles, a family recorded among 
the earliest settlers of Baltimore County. Edward Giles married 
Cordelia, daughter of James Philips. 

There is belonging to the vestry of this parish a parchment 
Registry of births, marriages and deaths, and the first name re- 
corded is John Cook, son of John Cook, born at Bush River, 
25th September, 1681. The record of Vestry Acts is unfortu- 
nately lost. 

Having defined the locality of Old Baltimore, I will now de- 
termine as near as possible its term of existence. In 1683, an 
Act of Assembly in Bacon's Laws, erects a Port of Trade on 
Bush River, on the town land near the Court House. The 
County was established in 165.9, and the first Court House was 
on the Eastern Shore, until about 1674, when the second Court 
House was built on Bush River, 



In 1707, the Assembly directed that the old Court House ou 
Forster's Neck should be discontinued and a new Court House 
established at Taylor's Choice, known as Joppa. This act was 
disallowed by Queen Anne, aud did not gain her sanction until 
1712, when Joppa became the County town, where the Courts 
were held until, in 1768, Joppa surrendered to Baltimore. I have 
been unable to ascertain the precise date when old Baltimore 
yielded to the towu on Forster's Neck. My conjecture of dates, 
subject to future correction, is as follows : — 

1st, Baltimore in Cecil County, 1659 to 1674, 15 years, 
2d, Old Baltimore from 1674 to about 1700, 26 years, 
3d, Town on Forster's Neck from 1700 to 1712, 12 years, 
4th, Joppa Court House from 1712 to 1768, 56 years, 
5th, Baltimore Court House from 1768 to 1853, 75 years. 

I made many inquiries as to Forster's Neck on the Gunpowder, 
but no one could give me any information. I found subsequently 
iu Herman's map of 1670, "Forster's Creek," which doubtless 
was the site of the second Court House. This and Joppa are fit 
subjects for some future investigation. 

Having defined the dates of our ancestral Baltimore, I propose 
to consider briefly some political and social features, relieving the 
tedium of dates by a little indulgence in the realms of fancy. 

As I walked over the place where the original Baltimore once 
flourished, I thought of the Deserted Village, described by 

The Village School House. 

Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way, 
With blossomed furze unprofitably gay, 
There in his noisy mansion skilled to rule, 
The village master taught his little sehool. 
A man severe he was, and stern to view ; 
I knew him well, and every truant knew ; 
Well had the boding tremblers learned to trace 
The day's disasters in his morning face ; 
Full well they laughed, with counterfeited glee, 
At all his jokes ; for many a joke had he ; 
Full well the busy whisper, circling round, 



Conveyed the dismal tidings when he frowned. 
Yet he was kind ; or, if severe in aught, 
The love he bore to learning was in fault. 
Lands he could measure, terms and tides presage, 
And even the story ran that he could gauge. 
But past is all his fame ; the very spot 
Where many a time he triumphed is forgot. 

But to return from this excursion, I received a letter from a 
respectable physician, Dr. Geo. I. Hays, of Harford County, con- 
taining these particulars : 

" The first house built in the present Harford County, was at 
Old Baltimore, by Wm. Osborne, on Old House Point, and in the 
old grave yard, his bones rest ; the burial of the first white man. 

" Osborne was a younger son : his family is as old as the present 
dynasty of England. The Osbornes led the Danes against Wil- 
liam the Conqueror. They formed an alliance and Osborne with 
his family was to have a perpetual annuity. This the heir still 
receives, and the Osborne palace is still the abode of the Royal 
family. This I had from my grandmother Hollis, whose maiden 
name was Sarah Osborne, and from my great-aunt, Fanny Osborne, 
and history confirms it. 

" Fanny Osborne often thrilled me when a child, with Os- 
borne's adventures with the Indians, (Susquehannocks), who in 
one of their raids stole his oldest son. He and his retainers pur- 
sued the Indians across the Bay, but failed to recover him. This 
boy whom he never saw again, was kindly treated by his captors, 
and an old Chief, before the father died, told him that his lost 
son was living and had become a great Chief among the Bed 
men. He subsequently was one of those Chiefs that signed the 
Treaty with Vm. Penn in 1682. The father never recovered 
from the loss of his boy, but died broken-hearted." 

On examining the records of Spesutia Church, I find the names 
of James Osborne, a vestryman in 1743, and Benjamin Osborne, 
in 1753. 

In the incident above related, are abundant materials for a 
novel, and perchance some future Kennedy may furnish us with 
" a tale of Old Baltimore." 

I learn further from Dr. Hays, that the Osborne above men- 



tioned was accompanied by Philip Philips, who attended to the 
ferry, which he afterwards purchased, and with this ferry he, at 
the same time, kept " refreshments for man and beast," and by 
his industry made a fortune. It must have been his son, Captain 
James Philips, who gave the land to Spcsutia Church, and his 
great-grandson, James Philips, who married the daughter of 
John Paca, and sister of William Paca, signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and Governor of Maryland. 

In 1744, the vestry appointed Captain James Philips, Col. 
Thos. White, Captain Peregrine Frisbee and Richard Ruff, to 
acquaint the Governor of the death of Rev. Mr. Wilkinson, and 
ask him not to induct another minister disagreeable to the parish- 
ioners. This Col. White lived on the Dairy farm at the head of 
Bush River. He married a daughter of Col. Edward Hall, and 
their daughter married Aquila Hall. By a second marriage, Col. 
White had two children, William W T hite, Bishop of Pennsylvania, 
and a daughter who married Robert Morris, the celebrated finan- 
cier of the Revolution. Bishop White was chaplain to Congress, 
the pastor of George Washington, the Rector of Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, the bells of which chimed first on the 4th of July, 
1776, and on every 4th of July since. 

By the remarkable law of heredity, the peculiar diseases and 
tempers of ancestors descend to their children and remote de- 
scendants. Now it is well known, that our present city is liable 
to sundry extraordinary outbreaks. Can this be traced to our 
venerable ancestor ? Certain it is, that Old Baltimore was cra- 
dled in' storms, and had as many vicissitudes as could well be 
compressed in forty-one years. 

In 1642, there was a general Indian war between the Potomac 
and Chesapeake, when probably Osborne lost his son. In 1645, 
Claiborne seized the Government of Maryland, driving Calvert 
to Virginia. Claiborne was suppressed and Calvert reinstated. 
In 1651, Stone, Calvert's Governor, was removed by Claiborne and 
others. He was restored the same year, but was again removed 
by Cromwell's Commissioners in 1654. In 1655, there was civil 
war terminating with the battle on the Severn when Stone was 
made prisoner. Fendall then became Governor, but on the resto- 



ration of Charles II. in 1660, he was tried for treason. James 
II. by the writ of quo warranto tried to dispossess the proprietary 
in 1687. 

When William and Mary ascended the throne iu 1688, the 
Deputy Governor delayed to proclaim their authority, whereupon 
John Coode and his associates took possession of the Government. 
In 1691, the King made Maryland a Royal Province, and Lionel 
Copley was made Governor in 1692. But in 1715, the pro- 
prietary rights of Charles, Lord Baltimore, were restored to his 
grandson Charles, who was a Protestant, and was then fifteen 
years old. 

But with all these vicissitudes, there was one yet to come — 
the culmination. The people in the southern and western part 
of Baltimore County wanted the county seat removed from Bush 
River. They wanted their own property enhanced in value, and 
then came remonstrances, indignation meetings, but all of no 
avail. Westward the course of empire takes its way, and Bush 
had to yield to the Gunpowder and Patapsco. Is it a wonder 
that we have inherited some of our ancestors' temperament? 

Standing on Old House Point and seeing the cars crossing the 
railroad bridge, one can hardly realize that then the roads to 
Annapolis, to the County Court Houses and to the churches, 
were marked by notched trees. No regular Post was established 
until 1713, when the Sheriffs were required to deliver packages 
like prisoners into the hands of each other for distribution. Coal 
had not been introduced as yet for fuel, nor were stoves used in 
churches ; chilly people taking with them foot stoves. Playing 
cards were used as visiting cards. There were no water-proofs, 
india-rubbers nor umbrellas until 1722. This last useful imple- 
ment was regarded as a luxury, and would have been blown away 
with a storm of ridicule bad not the medical faculty come to 
the rescue. A law of the Legislature compelled our ancestors to 
vote. There were no steamboats then. The nearest approach 
was the navigation of a canoe from the Susquehanna to our 
Basin, by turning a crank with a paddle wheel in 1784. The 
same year James Rumsey of Cecil County, obtained the privilege 
of propelling boats by steam, but this was long after the present 



Baltimore was settled. The practice of eating and drinking at 
funerals at great expense was very common. Finger rings were 
the mark of a gentleman, and were bequeathed to dear friends. 
The bachelors of Baltimore County were taxed in 1760, when 
the names of the taxables were placed on the Spesutia Church 
door, to raise funds to fight the Indians. In this list, I observe 
the names of well-known citizens. Osborne, Garrettson, Cover, 
Lee, Webster, Wallis, Billingsley, Johns, Worthington, Love, 
Creswell, Hanson, Keen, Dallam, Bryarly, Giles. 

Old Baltimore had no newspapers, the first Maryland Journal 
being the Annapolis Gazette in 1745. And yet our ancestors 
had their compensations in the abundance brought by the fisher 
and farmer. If they had trouble from the Indians, they had 
received from them the maize and the potato. 

As I recently stood on "Old House Point," and saw in Bush 
River flocks of wild fowl, I thought of the abundance of fowl 
and fish in those days, when the gunner's and fisher's skill were 
less destructive, and when their dollar purchased five times the 
value of ours. 


What was the condition of Science in the days of the first 
Baltimore Town, 1659? About that time the British Scientific 
Association held its meetings in the house of Bishop Wilkins. A 
belief in witchcraft was common. To avert a storm, certain voy- 
agers seized an old woman for sorcery, and threw her into the 
sea ; and Father White said, " the Captain saw a sunfish swim- 
ming with great efforts against the course of the sun, a sign of a 
terrible storm." There is a tradition, that a man was arrested 
for witchcraft near the present Reisterstown. Linnaeus had not 
classified plants ; De Candolle did not exist ; Cuvier had not 
elevated zoology to a science ; Franklin had not discovered the 
identity of lightning and electricity; Count Rumford had not 
found the equivalence of heat and motion ; Priestly had not dis- 
covered oxygen, nor had Lavoisier raised chemistry to an exact 
science; Watt had not perfected his steam engine, nor Whitney 
thought of the cotton gin ; all work was done by hand. Geology 



was hardly known. Astronomy was as Newton left it. Hersehel 
had not discovered Uranus, nor had Laplace invented the math- 
ematics of that science. 

The Susquehannock Indians, our aborigines, deserve more con- 
sideration than they have had. They exercised over other Indians 
the same authority as the Sioux of the present day. Their at- 
tacks on the Piscataways were so fierce that these last sold their 
lands to Lord Baltimore. And when the Sinnicos and Black 
Minguas came from Seneca Lake to trade, the Susquehannocks 
destroyed them. This warlike tribe occupied lands at the mouth 
of the Susquehanna, extending to the Sassafras and Chester 
Eivers, whence they easily raided the English settlement on Bush 
Eiver. In Captain John Smith's map of 1606 is a picture of a 
Susquehannock warrior, with this curious description : 

" They seemed like giants to the English. Their language 
sounds like a voice in a vault. One had a wolf's head hanging 
in a chain for a jewel. His tobacco pipe three-fourths of a yard 
long prettily carved with a bird or a deer at great end, sufficient 
to beat out one's brains. The calf of the chief's leg was three- 
fourths of a yard about, and all his limbs so proportionate, that he 
seemed the goodliest man we ever beheld. His hair on the one 
side was long, and the other shorne close like a coxe's comb. His 
arrows were five-fourths long, headed with the splinters of a white 
chrystal stone, like a heart an inch broad and one and one-half 
inches long ; these he wore in a wolf's skin at his back for a 
quiver." These Indians made a treaty with Lord Baltimore on 
Spesutia Island. 

On cutting down a grove of trees about 1860, on the Avenue 
in Mount Washington a grave was found by Mr. Pickering, un- 
der a large gum tree, which when opened discovered the skeleton 
of an Indian, together with an earthen jar. Was this the tomb 
of a Susquehannock chief? Did a long procession follow his body 
to the grave ? 

Augustine Herman, a Bohemian, was a distinguished Baltimore 
County man of that day, a representative of Holland in New 
Amsterdam (New York), and relative of Peter Stuyvesant. Her- 
man established a post at the mouth of the Schuylkill, and Lord 



Baltimore sent a force to dispossess him. He previously, in 1657, 
had a settlement on Statcn Island, which was destroyed by the 
Raritan Indians. He then came to Kent Island, where he was 
entertained by Col. Wix, and met Governor Fendall and Philip 
Calvert, brother of Lord Baltimore, in reference to disputed 
boundaries. The English claimed priority of the Dutch, because 
Sir Walter Raleigh touched on the coasts in 1598. But, said 
Herman, " Columbus discovered America in 1492." " What," 
said Utie, the English agent, " had this to do with the claim of 
the Dutch ? " Said Herman, " when the States-General became 
independent of Spain, they took with them all Spanish rights in 
America." Whereupon, Col. Utie threatened what he would do, 
if he came to speech with the Dutch authorities. " If you do," 
said Herman, " your character as au ambassador, shall not save 
you from arrest as a brawler and disturber of the peace." 

Herman went to see the Governor of Virginia about the Mary- 
land and Virginia boundary line, and being a man of science, was 
employed by the Maryland authorities to make a map of the 
Province. This map is a good specimen of engraving, and has 
been found useful in the same boundary dispute after two hundred 

Herman's descendants were the Van der Hcydens, Bordleys, 
Prisbies, Chews, Neals, Mifflins, Shippeus, Jenningses, Randolphs 
and Howards. He received from Lord Baltimore six thousand 
acres as a manor, which he named "Bohemia," after his native 
land, and his name is yet perpetuated in Port Herman, Saint 
Augustine in Cecil County, and on a broken slab of oolite bearing 
this inscription : 


ANNO 1661. 

I mention the name of Captain Thomas Cornwaleys, the Coun- 
sellor of Lord Baltimore, called by Bozman " the guardian genius 
of the Province," and by Streeter, " a Host in Himself." 

Bringing with him from England a number of servants, he 



received from Lord Baltimore, in 1642, three thousand aeres of 
land in Cornwaleys' Neck, St. Mary's Connty, and on Angust 
16th, 1658, in Kent Comity, on the east side of Bacon's Bay, one 
thousand acres known as " Cornwaleys' Choice," bnt prcvionsly 
on the 22nd March, 1658, he had received for transporting people 
from England in 1655, "Planter's Paradise," on Middle River 
Neck, in Baltimore County, containing eight hundred and twenty- 
nine acres. Shortly after 1659, he left for England. 

The Legislature of 1684, authorized a Port or Town in Middle 
River on the "land of Cornwaleys or Leakin," repealed by the 
Aet of 1686. 

The same " Planter's Paradise " was surveyed for " William 
Cornwaleys of Baltimore County, Gentleman," on the 29th of 
November, 1679. This was probably the son of Thomas, the 
land beginning at the month of Cornwaleys Creek. In 1701, we 
find a conveyance from John Leakin to James Crook of "land 
named Turkey Neck on Middle River, laid out for Captain 
Thomas Cornwaleys." 

On November 6th, 1730, Cornwaleys being dead and his heirs 
in England, " Planter's Paradise " was again surveyed and the 
land escheated by Stansbnry, called "Rosse's Manor," and pat- 
ented 26th January, 1749. 

I have been thns particular because the residence of this 
family in Baltimore County has been unknown — a lost history, 
and that it may induce others to investigate further the biography 
of one who was a brave soldier, a wise statesman, an nnsnllied 
citizen, an honor to any State or to any country ! 

In 1659, Baltimore County was established. In what connty 
then was " Planter's Paradise " on Middle River given to Captain 
Cornwaleys, in 1658 ? Did Anne Arnndel County, established in 
1650, inclnde Baltimore County during the years 1650 and 1659? 

We read in the Archives of Maryland, that Captain Thomas 
Todd was a commissioner of Anne Arundel Connty in 1661, and 
a delegate to the Legislature in 1674 from Baltimore County. 

The survival of the fittest applies to towns as much as to 
vegetables and animals. An American progressive city mnst 
have room to expand. It must have streams of sufficient fall for 



manufacturing purposes, and a full supply of pure water, and 
there must be building material : clay, limestone, sand, granite, 
iron in abundance. 

The restless migratory genius of Baltimore sought these re- 
quisites on the Elk River, theu on the Bush River, then westward 
to the Gunpowder, which she twice tried, and at last the divining 
rod rested on the banks of the Patapsco. 


Of the various clubs which were a characteristic feature of 
Annapolis society in the palmy days of that ancient and once 
convivial city, the Tuesday Club, which flourished in the middle 
of the eighteenth century was the most famous. It numbered 
among its members some of the most brilliaut men of the day, 
and admission to its fellowship was an honor highly prized. 

There is extant a so-called History of this club in three MS. 
volumes, written by Dr. Alexander Hamilton, a distinguished 
physician and wit. This is, however, not an authentic chronicle, 
but a humorous mock-history in the style of Swift ; the members 
being designated by fictitious names ; Dr. Hamilton, for instance, 
being "Loquacious Scribble, Esq." How far the incidents here 
gravely recorded may have had any foundation in actual occur- 
rences, and how far they arc merely grotesque inventions, cannot 
now be known. As the History covers over 1900 very closely 
written pages, it must have occupied considerable portions of the 
writer's leisure for several years. It is embellished with pictorial 
illustrations, and with many club-songs, scored for voice and 
harpsichord. The language is fine eighteenth century English, 
and the style an excellent specimen of the grave burlesque. 

The title runs : 

"History of the Ancient and Honorable Tuesday Club from 
the Earliest Ages down to this present year. 



"Autor noster ita describit Heroas [Clubicos] ut incertus 
haereat Lccter an eruditi magis, fortesve essent, corporisque 
potius aut anirai viribus pollerent." 

The author, after preliminary chapters on history, on antiquity, 
and on clubs of ancient times, comes down to the venerable 
Tuesday (or Whin-bush) Club of Lannerie in Scotland, the rec- 
ords of which, he says, go back to the year 1440. From this the 
Annapolis club descended in the following manner : — 

Mr. George Neilson, a prominent member of the club, took 
up arms in the Jacobite rising in 1715, and having been taken 
prisoner at Sheriff muir, was deported to America, and fixed his 
residence at Annapolis.* Here he found clubs, but constituted 
and conducted in a manner which he did not approve, being too 
much devoted to drinking and gormandizing, and also ruled in 
too arbitrary a fashion. These defects he hoped in time to reform. 
Having succeeded in gathering round him a small band of fol- 
lowers, Mr. Neilson endeavored to introduce some of his reforms 
into a Royalist club, but this attempt led to an explosion, in 
which he was ignominiously ejected, with considerable damage to 
his person and apparel. He therefore gathered his adherents, 
and producing a commission from the Tuesday Club of Lannerie, 
empowering him to establish daughter clubs, founded the Red- 
house Club on more intellectual and democratic principles. 

The club-house was destroyed by lightniug in 1732, and Mr. 
Neilson's death occurring shortly after, led to the dissolution of 
the club. A successor sprang up in the Ugly Club, which, how- 
ever, was rent with faction and soon expired. Two leading men 
of this club then founded in 1725 the Tuesday Club under the 
original commission, constituting it in all respects so like the 
mother-club of Lannerie, that it became, in effect, that very club 
transported to America ; and of this Dr. Hamilton constituted 
himself the historian. 

While, no doubt, much of the wit and satire lacks, for us, the 
pungency which it had for the writer's friends, it is still a very 

* In a list of rebel prisoners, "mostly Scotchmen," sent to Maryland in 1716, 
occurs the name of George Neilson. 



amusiug production. As a specimen of this curious work, we sub- 
joiu the third chapter of the tenth book, premising that an uproar 
has broken out in the elub, owing to the disappearance of the 
Seal, whieh the President is suspected of having secreted for 
sinister purposes. 

Chap. III. 

Effects of the Commotion and Uproar in the Club, and the 
Decathedration of His Lordship. 

Rage and fury, when their approaches are sudden and im- 
petuous, are very dangerous affections of the mind. They, as it 
were, dilacerate the soul, and devest it of its noble faculties, 
tossing them about and flinging them away like useless rags. 
These boisterous passions are enemies sworn to mankind, and it is 
even dangerous for good adviee to approach too near them. The 
poet Ovid was very sensible of this, which made him give the 
following counsel : 

Dum furor in cursu est, currenti cede furori : 

Difficiles aditus impetus ononis habet. 
Stultus ab obliquo qui cum discedere possit, 

Pugnat in adversas ire natator aquas. 

The Chancellor, as has been related iu the foregoing ehapter, 
was enraged to such a degree that most of the members kept 
aloof from him, esteeming it a very dangerous attempt to eome 
within his reach, for he was in such agitation that he resembled 
an Infernal fury more than a humau Creature ; his long erane- 
like neck was stretched out to its utmost extent, his mouth, as 
he uttered his words, gaped horrendous, and seemed to beleh 
forth fire like the mouth of a furnace ; his countenance was pale 
and wan, and his eyes staring and flaring like two burning ean- 
dles, while his fists were elenehed hard, whieh he balaneed and 
poised on both sides, ready to give the deeisive blow, and his 
feet stamped on the planks of the floor at eaeh elevation of his 
voiee, which was, indeed, a semitone above E la, and made all 
the eoncavities, euddies, and ehambers of the High Steward's 
house resound like the hollow belly of a great bass fiddle. The 



High Steward, Prim Timorous, Esq., was in the utmost conster- 
nation and terror, and forgetting his office of serjeant-at-arms, 
and throwing aside his white rod of authority, he betook himself 
for protection behind his Lordship's chair of state, and would 
now and theu slily peep at the Chancellor, from oue side of the 
canopy now, and then from the other, according as the Chancellor 
changed his place or situation on the floor, for that furious Inceu- 
diary, while he delivered his seditious speech, did not stand stock 
still, but walked about like a peripatetic. 

During this furious ecstasy of the Chancellor, and consternation 
of the Long-standing members, his Honor the President was 
fixed, like a monument of marble, in the Chair ; he moved neither 
to one side nor to the other, but, like one in a catalepsy, seemed to 
have nothing left about him but the faculty of breathing, all the 
other parts of his corporal frame, viz. : muscles, eyes, hands, 
being fixed and immovable as one thunderstruck or under some 
strange diabolical fascination or incantation. 

While affairs were hi this alarming situation, and the fire of 
Eebellion, like an impetuous flame confined within a close cham- 
ber, was ready to burst forth every moment, and carry the whole 
edifice before it, Huffman Suap and the Secretary endeavored to 
mitigate the rage of the Chancellor, and persuade his Lordship 
to deliver up the Seal ; but it was too late : the first, through the 
violence of Rage, was deaf to all entreaties, the other, through 
astonishment, was reudered incapable of listening to any over- 
tures or proposals. 

Upon this, the majority of the Club were absolutely determined, 
since the Seal could not by fair means be made forthcoming, to 
use force to recover that valuable badge of office. Huffman Snap 
swore d — him if it was not an impudent impositiou on the Club 
to rob them of their Great Seal, and that such an Insult ought 
not to be suffered. " Why do you suffer it then? " replied the in- 
flamed Chaucellor. " Why don't you immediately seize upon this 
Tyrant of your setting up, and pull him down again, since he 
knows not how to rule with moderation ? Come on — I will lead 
the way — I will give the word, and let every staunch member 
here use his utmost endeavor by main force to detect the thief." 



Tliese words were no sooner uttered than the whole room was 
in an uproar ; the decanters, bowls, and glasses were overset upon 
the great table ; the tobacco pipes, tobacco, and Clubical papers 
flew about like straw or dust iu a whirlwind ; a horrid clamor 
and uproar was excited, and the din of mingling voices and most 
unmerciful thumps, discharged with angry violence upon the 
backs, bellies, shoulders, and rumps of the Long-standing mem- 
bers made a rustling and rattling and whizzing in the air, much 
like that confused noise excited at the general conflict of the 
Greeks and Trojans which Homer, in the following passage, 
beautifully describes. 

[Extract from Homer.] 

This might be properly said of the horrid din and danger 
that was now excited among the Long-standing members of the 
Ancient and Honorable Tuesday Club. The Chancellor and his 
forces had now advanced toward the centre of dominion or the 
seat of honor, to wit, his Lordship's great Chair of State, and 
made a formal attack upon it, besetting it on all sides, having 
first, like a skillful general, dispatched the forlorn hope, viz., 
Huffman Snap, and Solo Neverout, Esqrs., to assault the Chair 
upon the dexter and sinister sides. Huffman Snap, Esq., took 
the dexter quarter of his Lordship, and Solo Neverout, Esq., 
seized upon the sinister quarter. They began the attack first by 
seizing on and securing his Lordship's arms, which with one fist 
on each side they pinned down fast to the arms of the Chair, 
and each with his other hand attacked the dexter and sinister 
pockets of his Lordship to search and rummage for the great 
Seal. His Lordship, recovering from his astonishment, threw a 
tremendous look, first on one side, and then on the other, and 
asked the two Champions in a precipitate manner, and with a 
surprised tone of voice, if they intended to rob him? but they 
made no answer, continuing still their search, while the Chan- 
cellor spurred them on with inflammatory speeches, commanding 
them to fight like Lions for their liberty and property. His 
Lordship then began to struggle most violently and to lay about 



him to the right and to the left, as lustily as he was able, and 
had like to have knocked down and discomfited his left-hand 
antagonist. In this scuffle his Lordship had his ruffles torn in a 
most lamentable manner, and the posture of his wig was altered 
much for the worse, having the tail turned foremost : however, 
his Lordship still kept his scat, and would not suffer himself to 
be moved one Inch to one side or the other. Upon this, the 
general attack was renewed with greater fury : there was a general 
cry among the Long-standing members, and nothing was heard 
but, " Burn the Chair ! " " Burn the canopy ! " " Burn the 
Seal ! " — on which the Secretary was advancing toward the fire 
to throw the book in the midst of devouring flames, and commit 
to oblivion in one moment all the transactions of this ancient 
and honorable Club, when the wisdom and discretion of Jealous 
Spyplot Senr. Esq., prevented this dreadful Calamity, for he, 
perceiving the Secretary's design, pulled him back, and seizing the 
book out of his hands, took it into his own care and protection. 

Then Quirpum Comic, Esq., having beat Prim Timorous, Esq., 
from his station behind the Chair, took off the Canopy of State 
and was approaching toward the fire to commit it to the flames, 
when he was stopped by Jonathan Grog, Esq., who with heroic 
intrepidity rescued the Ensign of State from the destroyer, and 
disposed of it in a private corner out of the way of danger. 
Prim Timorous, Esq., Serjeant-at-Arms and High Steward, was 
thrown into such a terrible panic that he swore several times 
over, " God — bless the King ! " and ran and hid himself in some 
private corner so that he was not seen again on the field till the 
battle was over. He was afterwards much blamed for his con- 
duct by his Lordship, who told him that he had behaved, not 
only unworthy of his office as Serjeant-at-Arms, and beneath the 
dignity of a High Steward, but also utterly neglected his duty 
as a county magistrate in not commanding the peace during the 
outrage and *nsult; but most excused him on this occasion, as 
knowing him to be of a mild and fearful disposition. 

His Lordship still keeping his seat with unshaken Intrepidity, 
the Chancellor, fearing that the Destinies would turn the scale 
against him, gave orders for a fresh attack, calling out to the 



Long-standing members to take courage and not lose spirits, on 
which the uproar and hurlyburly increased to a great degree. 
Quirpuni Comic, Esq., one of the principal heroes in the opposi- 
tion, seeing that it was but labor in vain to move his Lordship 
from his seat by tugging and pulling, went behind the Chair, and 
with his brawny fist fetched several violent hard blows under the 
Bottom of it, which being made of pliant stuff, viz., canvas and 
leather, stuff'd with hair, gave such a strong concussion and 
repercussion to his Lordship's buttock, that he rebounded at least 
half a foot from the seat at each blow, and was obliged to quit 
his Chair of State, rushing precipitately from the step, and falling 
upon one knee ; but soon again recovering himself, notwithstand- 
ing the uninterrupted thumps and blows of the enemy, he ran 
with precipitation to the fire, and to the great astonishment and 
surprise of every person present, who imagined that his Lordship, 
in the height of his frenzy and desperation, was going to sacrifice 
his own carcass to the devouring flames, he threw the Great Seal 
into the middle of the fire, and rammed it down into the hottest 
part with his foot, while Quirpum Comic, Esq., threw the Chair 
of State over his Lordship's head, which pitched into the fire at 
the same instant with the Great Seal. There was immediately a 
most furious scramble to save these two precious ensigns of the 
Club from immediate destruction, and Huffman Snap, Esq., 
dexterously snatched the Great Seal from the danger it was in, 
of beiug consumed to ashes, and with a low bow, put it into the 
Chancellor's hand who received it with a loud halloo of victory, 
and Tuubelly Bowser, Esq., at the same instant rescued the Chair 
of State from the fatal combustion with which it was threatened. 
His Lordship stood now in the middle of the floor, very much 
astonished, and seemed to be quite disabled and out of breath, 
and loud peals of victory from the Chancellor's party rang through 
the room. 




A pedigree of this family, taken from the Hampshire Visitation 
of 1634, and including the Maryland emigrant Robert Brooke, is 
published in Berry's Hampshire Genealogies, p. 339. The arms 
of the family, as entered in the Visitation, are as follows : — 

Arms. — Chequy or and az., on a bend gu. a Hon passant of the first. 
Crest. — A demi lion rampant or, erased gu. 

1. Richard Brooke 1 of Whitchurch, Hampshire, married in 
1552 Elizabeth sister and heir of John Twyne. His will, 
dated 10 January 1588/9 and confirmed 16 February 1590/1, 
was proved 6 May 1594. The will of his widow Elizabeth, 
dated 16 May 1599, was proved 2 June 1599. Both wills 
are on record at Somerset House, London. A brass, erected 
in the Church at Whitchurch by their youngest son Robert 
Brooke, records that Richard Brooke died 16 January 1593/4, 
after forty-one years of wedded life, and that his widow 
Elizabeth died 20 May 1599. 

Richard Brooke and Elizabeth (Twyne) his wife had issue : — 

2. i. Thomas Brooke. 2 

ii. Richard Brooke, d. s. p. 

iii. Robert Brooke of London. 

iv. Elizabeth Brooke. 

v. Barbara Brooke. 

vi. Dorothy Brooke. 

2. Thomas Brooke 2 (Richard 1 ) was born in 1561. He matric- 
ulated 24 Nov. 1581 at New College, Oxford, his age being 
given as twenty years in the Matriculation Register, and 
received the degree of B. A. 4 May 1584. He was a 
barrister and was of the Inner Temple 1595, bencher 1607, 
and autumn reader 1611. He was Member of Parliament 
for AVhitchurch 1604—1611 (Foster, Alumni Oxonienses). He 
married Susan daughter of Sir Thomas Foster, Knt., of 
Hunsdon, Herts, Judge of the Common Pleas, and Susan his 
wife, daughter of Thomas Foster, Esq., of St. John Street, 
London. Mrs. Susan Brooke was therefore a sister of Sir 
Robert Foster, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, who died 
in 1663, A pedigree of this family, tracing its descent from 



the Forsters of Etherstone, in Northumberland, may be found 
in the Harleian Society's Publications, vol. xxii (Visitation of 
Herts), p. 43, and in Raine's History of North Durham, p. 306. 
The will of Thomas Brooke, dated 1] Sept. 1612, was proved 
30 November following. He was buried at Whitchurch 17 
Sept. 1612, and his wife Susan the following day (AVhitchurch 
Register). A marble tomb, upon which their sculptured 
figures lie side by side, is still to be seen in the Church at 

Thomas Brooke and Susan (Foster) his wife had issue : — 

i. Thomas Brooke, 3 eldest son and heir, b. 1599. Matriculated, Oriel 
Coll., Oxford, 27 Oct. 1615, aged 16. A barrister-at-law. Buried 
at Whitchurch 25 Jan. 1665. 
ii. Richard Brooke, d. s. p. 
3. iii. Robert Brooke, b. 3 June 1602. 

iv. John Brooke, b. 1605. Matriculated, Wadham Coll., Oxford, 11 

May 1621, aged 16. 

v. William Brooke. 

vi. Humphrey Brooke. 

vii. Charles Brooke. 

viii. Susan Brooke. 

ix. Elizabeth Brooke. 

x. Frances Brooke. 

Robert Brooke 3 (Thomas 2 , Richard 1 ) was born, according 
to his family record "at London, 3rd June 1602, being 
Thursday, between 10 and 11 of the clock in the forenoon, 
being Corpus Christi day." He matriculated at Wadham 
College, Oxford, 28 April 1618, receiving the degree of B. A. 
6 July 1620, and that of M. A. 20 April 1624 (Foster, 
Alumni Oxonienses). A manuscript copy of the Visitation of 
Hampshire (1634) in the British Museum has under his name 
the note "this Robert is a minister." He thus records his 
first marriage : " Mary Baker, born at Battel in Sussex. 
Robert Brooke and Maiy Baker intermarried 1627, the 25th 
of February, being St. Matthias' Day and Shrove Monday." 
This lady was the daughter of Thomas Baker of Battle, Esq., 
Barrister-at-law, and Mary his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Engham of Goodneston, Kent. A pedigree of the Baker 
family, as entered at the Visitation of 1634, is published in 
Berry's Sussex Genealogies. Mary Baker died in 1634, prob- 
ably at the birth of her daughter Barbara, and her husband, 
Robert Brooke, re-married the following year. "May the 
11th, 1635, Robert Brooke (aforementioned) was married to 
Mary, second daughter to Roger Mainwaring, Doctor of 
Divinity <fe Dean of Worcester, wh ; Mary was bom at St, 


Giles-in-the-Fields, London." Soger Mainwaring, the father 
of Robert Brooke's second wife, subsequently became Bishop 
of St. David's, and came into collision with Parliament through 
his over zealous advocacy of the royal prerogative. Robert 
Brooke arrived in Maryland 30 June 1650, with his (second) 
wife Mary, his ten children, Baker, Thomas, Charles, Roger, 
Robert, John, William, Francis, Mary, and Anna Brooke, 
and twenty-eight servants, all transported at his own cost and 
charge (Md. Land Office, Lib. 1, fol. 165-166 ; Davis' Day 
Star, p. 74). With his two sons Baker and Thomas, he took 
the oath of fidelity to the Proprietary, 22 July 1650 (Md. 
Archives, iii, 256). A commission had been issued to him, 
dated at London, 20 Sept. 1649, as commander of a county 
to be newly erected, and he had also a separate commission 
of the same date as member of the Council of Maryland. He 
took the oath of office in the latter capacity 22 July 1650 
(Md. Archives, iii, 237, 240, 256). A new county, called 
Charles County, was duly erected and Robert Brooke was 
constituted its commander, 30 October 1650 (Md. Archives, 
iii, 259). When Maryland was reduced, in 1652, by the 
Parliamentary Commissioners, he was placed at the head of 
the provisional council instituted by them, and served in this 
capacity from 29 March until 3 July 1652 (Md. Archives, 
iii, 271-276). He was a member of council and commander 
of Charles County until 3 July 1654, when an order was 
passed revoking his commissions and nullifying the act erect- 
ing the couuty, in place of which a new county was erected, 
called Calvert County (Md. Archives, iii, 308). According 
to the Brooke family record : " He was the first that did 
seat the Patuxent, about twenty miles up the river at De la 
Brooke, and had one son there, born in 1651, called Basil, 
who died the same day. In 1652 he removed to Brooke 
Place, being right against De la Brooke ; and on the 28th of 
November, 1655, between 3 & 4 o'clock in the afternoon, 
had two children, Eliza and Henry, twins. He departed this 
world the 20th day of July 1655, and lieth buried at Brooke 
Place Manor ; and his wife, Mary Brooke, departed this life 
the 29th November 1663." The careful family record kept 
by Robert Brooke names a number of relatives who served 
as god-parents to his children, and furnishes abundant evi- 
dence as to his connection with the English parent stock. 
This interesting family record is published in Tyler's Memoir 
of Roger Brooke Taney (pp. 22—25), where by an accidental 


omission the death of Robert Brooke is placed in 1663. The 
date is correctly given in manuscript copies preserved by the 

Robert Brooke and Mary (Baker) his first wife had issue : — 

4. i. Baker Brooke, 4 b. 16 Nov. 1628 ; d. 1679. 

ii. Mary Brooke, b. 19 Feb. 1630 ; d. in England. 

5. iii. Thomas Brooke, b. 23 June 1632 ; d. 1676. 
iv. Barbara Brooke, b. 1634 ; d. in England. 

By his second wife, Mary Mainwaring, Robert Brooke had 
issue : — 

i. Brooke, b. 3 April 1636 ; d. unmarried 1671. 

6. ii. Roger Brooke, b. 20 Sept. 1C37 ; d. 8 April 1700. 

7. iii. Robert Brooke, b. 21 April 1639 ; d. 1667. 

iv. John Brooke, b. 20 Sept. 1640 ; d. 1677 ; mar. Rebecca Isaac but 

seems to have had no issue. 

v. Mary Brooke, b. 14 April 1642. 

vi. William Brooke, b. 1 Dec. 1643. 

vii. Ann Brooke, b. 22 Jan. 1645 ; niar. Christopher Beans. 

viii. Francis Brooke, b. 30 May 1648; d. unmarried 1671. 
ix. Basil Brooke, b. 1651 ; d. an infant. 

x. Henry Brooke (twin), b. 28 Nov. 1655 ; d. unmarried 1672. 

xi. Elizabeth Brooke (twin), b. 28 Nov. 1655; mar., before 1679, 

Richard Smith, Jr., of Calvert County. 

Baker Brooke* (Robert? Thomas, 2 Richard 1 ) was born at 
Battle, in Sussex, 16 Nov. 1628, and arrived in Maryland 
with his father 30 June 1650. He was commissioned a mem- 
ber of the council of Maryland 6 May 1658 (Md. Archives, 
iii, 342) and held the office until his death in 1679. He also 
filled the position of Surveyor General of the Province from 
1 August 1671 (Md. Archives, v, 94) until his death. About 
1664 he married Ann, daughter of Governor Leonard Calvert 
and niece of Cecilius Lord Baltimore. In 1661 William 
Calvert recovered land as the son and heir of Gov. Leonard 
Calvert in an action of ejectment brought against Thomas 
Stone (Lib. S., fol. 459), and in 1664 Gov. Charles Calvert 
writes to his father Cecilius that his cousin William Calvert's 
sister has arrived and that he is on the lookout for a good 
match for her (Calvert Papers I, 244, 247). Baker Brooke 
in his commission as Surveyor General is called by Lord Bal- 
timore "our trusty and well beloved nephew" (Md. Archives, 
v, 94), and in his will designates Philip Calvert as the uncle 
of his wife Ann. Baker Brooke was iu no way related to 
Lord Baltimore and could thus only have been his nephew by 
marriage, while Lord Baltimore and Philip Calvert had no 
other niece than the daughter of their brother Leonard. 


The will of Baker Brooke is dated 19 March 1679 and 
was proved seven days later, on the 26th of the same month 
(Annapolis, Lib. 10, fol. 1). In it he mentions his wife Ann ; 
his sons Charles, Leonard, and Baker; his daughter Mary 
Brooke ; and his brother Col. Thomas Brooke, deceased. His 
wife is appointed exccntrix, and " her nncle Philip Calvert, 
Esq.," overseer. His wife, Ann, survived him and married 
2ndly Henry Brent (d. 1693), and 3dly Bichard Marsham 
(d. 1713). 

Baker Brooke and Ann (Calvert, his wife) had issue : — 

i. Charles Brooke, d. unmarried 1698. 

8. ii. Leonard Brooke, d. 1718. 

9. iii. Baker Brooke, d. 1698. 

iv. Mary Brooke, mar. Raphael Neale (b. 1683 ; d. 1743) of Charles 
County. She d. 1763. 

Maj. Thomas Brooke 4 (Robert? Thomas, 2 Richard 1 ) was 
born at Battle, 23 June 1632, and arrived in Maryland with 
his father 30 June 1650. He was commissioned, 15 June 
1658, Captain commanding the militia of Calvert County 
"from George Reade's on the south side and St. Leonard's 
Creek on the north side to the head of Patuxeut River" (Md. 
Archives, iii, 256), and was commissioned Major, 11 Feb. 
1660 (ibid. p. 402). In the will of his brother Baker he is 
styled " Colonel Thomas Brooke," but no commission to that 
effect appears upon record. He represented Calvert County 
in the Provincial Assembly 1663-1666 (Md. Archives, i, 
460; ii, 8), and 1671-1676 (ibid, ii, 239, 311, 496, &c.) and 
was High Sheriff of the County 1666-1667 (Md. Archives, 
iii, 541 ; v, 3) and 1668-1669 (ibid, v, 27 ; Lib. C. D., fol. 
403). He was Presiding Justice of the County Court in 1667 
(Md. Archives, v, 14), and held the position until his death, 
except during his term of office as Sheriff. He married, about 
1658, Eleanor daughter of Richard and Margaret Hatton and 
niece of Thomas Hatton, Secretary of the Province. She 
was born in 1642 (Md. Archives, x, 356) and came to Mary- 
land with her widowed mother and her family in 1649 (Land 
Office, Lib. 1, fol. 440 ; Lib. 2, fol. 613). 

The will of Maj. Thomas Brooke, dated 25 October 1676, 
was proved 29 December following (Annapolis, Lib. 5, fol. 
123). In it he mentions his wife Eleanor; his children as 
given below ; his brothers Baker and Roger Brooke, and 
Clement Hill ; and his god-sons Baker Brooke, Jr., and 
Thomas Gardiner. Two hogsheads of tobacco apiece are left 



to Mr. Michael Foster and Mr. Henry Carew, priests, "in 
token that I die a Roman Catholic & desire the good Prayers 
of the Church for my Soul." Mrs. Eleanor Brooke, widow 
of Maj. Thomas, married secondly Col. Henry Darnall (d. 17 
June, 1711) and had issue by him also. In her will (dated 31 
March 1724, proved 21 Feb. 1725) she mentions her sons 
Thomas Brooke, Clement Brooke, and Heury Darnall ; her 
daughters Mary Witham, Eleanor Digges (wife of William 
Digges), Mary Carroll, and Ann Hill ; and her grandsons Henry 
and Philip Darnall, sons of her daughter Eleanor Digges. 

Maj. Thomas Brooke and Eleanor (Hatton) his wife had 
issue : — 

10. i. Col. Thomas Brooke, 5 b. about 1659. 

ii. Kobert Brooke, 24 Oct. 1663 ; d. 18 July 1714 ; a Jesuit priest. 

iii. Ignatius Brooke, b. 1670 ; entered tbe Society of Jesus 1697; d. 1751. 

iv. Matthew Brooke, b. 1672 ; entered the Society of Jesus 1699 ; d. 1762. 

11. v. Clement Brooke, b. 1676 ; d. 1737. 

vi. Mary Brooke, mar. 1° Capt. James Bowling (d. 1693) of St. Mary's 

Co., 2° Benjamin Hall (d. 1721) of Prince George's Co., 3° Henry 

vii. Eleanor Brooke, mar. 1° Philip Darnall (d. 1705), son of her step- 

father Col. Henry Darnall by a former marriage, 2° William Digges. 

Roger Brooke 4 (Bobert, s Thomas, 2 Richard J ) was born 20 
Sept. 1637 at Brecknock College, in Wales, the episcopal resi- 
dence of his maternal grandfather, the Bishop of St. David's, after 
whom he was named, and came to Maryland with his parents 
in his thirteenth year. He lived at Battle Creek, in Calvert 
County. He was one of the Justices of the County from 1674 
to 1684, and was of the Quorum from 1679 to 1684 (Md. 
Archives, xv, 37, 68, 71, 268, 327, 395). He was com- 
missioned High Sheriff 18 April 1684 (Lib. C. D., fol. 396) 
and served until 30 May 1685, wheu he was again commis- 
sioned one of the Quorum (Md. Archives, xvii, 379). Roger 
Brooke was twice married. His first wife was Dorothy, 
daughter of Capt. James Neale, who mentions, in his will, 
his three grandchildren, Roger, James, and Dorothy Brooke. 
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Walter Wolseley, 
Esq., and granddaughter of Sir Thomas Wolseley of Stafford- 
shire. She was also the niece of Anne Wolseley, the first 
wife of Philip Calvert. Her cousin Mrs. Helen Spratt, widow 
of Thomas Spratt, D. D., Bishop of Rochester, thus speaks 
of her in a letter dated 18 August 1724: "My cousin Mary 
Wolseley went to our Aunt Calvert and was married from her 
house to one Mr. Brooks. I have letters I had from her too, 



for I sent her a suit of laeed ehild bed linen as a present, 
sueh as was then in fashion. Her father's name was Walter 
Wolseley, Esq. He was my grandfather Sir Thomas Wolse- 
ley's son, elder brother to my father, of Wolseley Bridge in 
Staffordshire." Her aunt Mrs. Winifred Mullett mentions 
her in her will (dated 20 April 1685, proved 9 Jan. 1693) as 
" my nieee Mary Brooke " and appoints her exeeutrix. 

The will of Roger Brooke, dated 5 April 1700, and proved 
3 May following (Annapolis, Lib. 6, fol. 384), mentions his 
sons Roger, James, John, and Basil, and his daughter "Ann 
Baking." He died 8 April 1700, and his son Roger Brooke, 
Jr., makes the following entry in his family reeord : " My 
father Mr. Roger Brooke Sen?' seeond Sone to Robert Brooke 
Esq? By Mary his second Wife Departed this life y e 8 th of 
April 1700 and Lyes Buried in y e grave yard at his own 
plantation at Battell Creeke Between his wives y e first was 
Mrs. Dorothy Neale and y e seeond Mrs. Mary Wolseley : 
whaire lyes Buried two Daughters by his seeond wife : Cas- 
sandra and Mary, and my eldest Sone Roger Brooke who 
departed this life the 28 th Day of May 1705 in y e seeond yere 
of his age." 

Roger Brooke and Dorothy (Neale) his first wife had issue : — 

12. i. Kooee Brooke, 5 b. 12 April 1G73 ; d. 1718. 
ii. James Brooke, d. s. p. before 1709. 

Hi. Dorothy Brooke, b. J 678; d. 1730; mar. 1° Michael Taney (d. 
1702), 2° Richard Blundell (d. 1705), 3° Col. John Smith (d. 1717). 

By his seeond wife, Mary Wolseley, Roger Brooke had issue : — 

13. i. John Brooke, b. 1687 ; d. 1735. 

ii. Basil Brooke, d. s. p. 1711. 

iii. Ann Brooke, mar. 1° James Dawkins (d. 1701), 2° James Mackall 

(d. 1717). Shed. 1733. 

iv. Cassandra Brooke, d . young. 

v. Mary Brooke, d. young. 

7. Robert Brooke 4 (Robert? Thovias, 2 Richard 1 ) was boru in 
London, 21 April 1G39, and died in Calvert County, Mary- 
land, in the latter part of 1667. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Thompson of St. Mary's County, and, 
10 Nov. 1667, "Elizabeth widow of Robert Brooke late of 
Calvert County, Gent., deeeased" gave bond for the admin- 
istration of her husband's estate with James Thompson and 
Thomas Edwards as her sureties (Test. Proe. Lib. 2, fol. 
261, 437, &e.) The nuncupative will of her father William 
Thompson, dated 21 Jan. 1660, commits the administration 



of testator's estate to his wife and appoints his father-in-law, 
William Bretton, overseer on behalf of his children. The 
will was proved by his widow, Mary Thompson, 3 Mareh 
1660, on the attestation of Lieut. Col. John Jarboe, Walter 
Pakes, and Frances Pakes, wife of the latter (Annapolis, Lib. 
1, fol. 123). The children of William Thompson are not 
named in his will, but the following extract from the Pent 
Poll of St. Mary's County affords evidence as to the parentage 
of Mrs. Elizabeth Brooke. " Koaxes, 200 acres, surv? 28 
June 1658 for W m Thompson on the W. side of Bretton's Bay. 
This land is Res? into Hopton Park, but Pobert Brooke as 
son of the daughter of said Thompson claims it." Before 
1671, Elizabeth, widow of Robert Brooke, married Thomas 
Cosden. Charles Brooke, of Brooke Place, Calvert County, 
brother of Robert, mentions in his will (dated 29 May, proved 
15 Dee. 1671) his nephews and nieee, Robert, William, and 
Mary Brooke, the children of his brother Robert, their mother, 
and their father-in-law, Thomas Cosden (Annapolis, Lib. 1, 
fol. 459). 

Robert Brooke and Elizabeth (Thompsou) his wife had issue : — 

14. i. Robert Brooke, 5 d. 1715/6. 

ii. "William Brooke. 

iii. Mary Brooke. » 

(To be Continued.) 


Will of Richard Bennett, Jr. 

The last Will and Testament of Richard Bennett Ju r 
Imprimis I give and bequeath my Soul to God that gave it and 
my body to the Earth to be decently buried. 
My temporall estate to be disposed of as followeth viz^ 
I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved wife Henrietta Maria 
Bennett (all my Lawfull Debts and Legacys being paid) my 
whole Estate both reall and personall that is to say all Lands 
tenem'? and hereditaments as likewise all Goods Chattells Move- 
ables Debts or other Dues whatsoever to me belonging but if it 



shall please allmighty God to give her a Child within nine months 
after my deecase then that Child either Male or female at lawfull 
age shall inheritt all Lands Tenements or hereditaments that arc 
or may be belonging nnto me with five nigroe Slaves three white 
Servants tenn Cowes and a bnll fifteen Ewes and a Ram five 
Sowes and a boar two feather bedds with appurtenances valued 
at four thousand pounds of Tobacco and other house hold Staff 
as bed Linnen, Table Linncn potts and Kettles to the Value of 
four thonsand more and tenn Thousand ponnds of Principle good 
tobacco in Caske, My dear Wife enjoying my whole Estate as 
aforesaid till the said Childs Lawfull age. And to my Consin 
John Langley I give fonr hundred acres of Land called the ffolly 
Lying on the North Side of Turnep Creek in Sassafrax River. 
And my honoured father Mr Riehard Bennett with my wife's 
father Cap™ James Neale and my dear wife as afores? may be 
Executors and Executrix to see this my Will executed. In testi- 
mony hereof I have sett to my hand & Seal the 29'? January 

Ri : Bennett [Seale] 


Daniel Silvane \ 

John Bristo J The within Written Will and testament of 
Richard Bennett was by Daniel Silvane and 
John Bristo Wittnesses to the said Will 
proved this 6 May 1667 before me 

(Annapolis, Lib. 1, fol. 278) Charles Calvert. 

Richard Bennett, Jr., the testator, was the son of Richard 
Bennett, for many years a member of the Council of Virginia, 
its Governor from 1653 to 1655, and one of the Commis- 
sioners appointed by Parliament in 1651 for the reduction of 
Virginia and Maryland. Richard Bennett, Jr., married Henrietta 
Maria, daughter of Capt. James Neale of Charles Connty, who 
had been a member of the Council of Maryland and . Treasurer 
of the Province. They had two children, a son and a daughter. 
The daughter, Susanna Bennett, married first John Darnall (d. 
1684), a brother of Col. Henry Darnall, and secondly Col. Henry 
Lowe (d. 1717) of St. Mary's County. She died^ according to 
her epitaph, 28 July, 1714, in her 48th year. The son, Richard 
Bennett of Bennett's Point, Queen Anne's Connty, was born 16 
September, 1667, and died 11 October, 1749. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Rousby of Calvert County, but had 



no issue. Mrs. Henrietta Maria (Neale) Bennett married, secondly, 
Col. Philemon Lloyd of Wye, Talbot Count} 7 , and bad issue by 
him also. According to her epitaph at Wye, she was born 27 
March, 1647, and died 21 May, 1697. 

Maryland Militia in 1742. — Under date of 26th October, 
1742, the Journal of the Maryland Assembly contains a report by 
the Committee for inspecting arms, etc., in which are mentioned 
the following officers of the Provincial Militia : Colonels Levin 
Gale, Henry Hooper, James Harris, Charles Hammond, and 
Henry Ridgely ; and Captains Ezechiel Gilliss, William Sanders, 
John Mcrrikin, John Dorsey (Elk Ridge), Joshua Dorsey, Rich- 
ard Lee (Prince George's County), Charles Griffith, John Smith 
(Calvert County), William Young (Baltimore County), William 
Rogers ("Independent Company"), and Captain George Stewart's 
Troop of Horse. 

Tilden Family of Kent County. — According to Han- 
son's Old Kent (pp. 302, 307) the immigrant ancestor of this 
family was Marmaduke Tilden of Great Oak Manor, Kent 
County, Md., who came to Maryland in 1658 and died in Sep- 
tember, 1671, leaving three sons ; Marmaduke, Charles and John. 
The State and County records, however, show that the immigrant 
ancestor was Charles Tilden, who, on the 27th of March, 1677, 
" proved one right for transporting himself into this Province to 
inhabit," and assigned it, 14th May, following, to John Wedge 
(Land Office, Lib. 15, fol. 413). He was one of the Justices of 
Kent County, 1685-1687, and again in 1694; Sheriff of the 
County in 1693 ; a vestryman of St. Paul's Parish, 1693, 1696- 
1697 ; and a member of the Provincial Grand Jury in 1698. He 
died in 1699 (Test. Proa, Lib. 1% A , fol. 17, 18, 31, 33), leaving 
issue: 1. Marmaduke Tilden (d. 1726), 2. John Tilden (d. 1746), 
3. Mary Tilden (b. 21st July, 1681 ; d. 1702), mar. in 1699, Elias 
King (d. 1706), 4. Wealthy Ann Tilden, mar. in 1710, Thomas 

Hynson, 5. Ann Tilden, mar. Wilson. Charles Tilden was 

twice married ; his first wife, Mary (living in 1692) was cer- 
tainly the mother of his daughter Mary, and perhaps of his other chil- 
dren as well, with the possible exception of Ann. His second wife, 

Ann , survived him. It would be interesting to learn whence 

the author of Old Kent derived his rather circumstantial account. 




Fend all. — Captain Josias Fendall, Governor of Maryland, 
1658-1660, was living in 1684 (Md. Archives, xvii, 272-274) 
and was dead four years later. 14tli May, 1688, Mary Fendall, 
widow and administratrix of Josias Fendall, brought suit against 
William Digges, Esq., in York County, Va. {Palmer's Calendar, 
i. 20). Gov. Fendall had a daughter, Jane, mentioned in the 
will of Enoch Field, of Charles County, 1675, and a brother, 
Samuel Fendall, living in Charles County, Md., in 1681 (Md. 
Archives, xvii, 46, 47). Col. John Fendall (b. 1674; d. 1734) 
of Charles County is said to have been the son of Josias. Is there 
any proof of this? Col. John Fendall had a sister, Mary (b. 
1673), who, in 1734, was the wife of Matthew Barnes, Sen., of 
Charles County. 

Clayton. — William Clayton of Queen Anne's County, was 
born, according to a deposition, in 1655 and his will was proved 
19th December, 1721. His children were: 1. William Clayton 
(d. 1729), of Talbot County, 2. Solomon Clayton (b. 1685 ; d. 
13th September, 1739) of Queen Anne's County, 3. Rachel Clay- 
ton, mar. Finney, 4. Alice Clayton, mar. Edward Wright of 

Queen Anne's County. Is there any evidence connecting this 
William Clayton with the Clayton family of Pennsylvania and 
Delaware ? 

Jenifer. — Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, son of Col. Daniel 
Jenifer, by his second wife, Mrs. Anne Taft, was born in Accomac 
Connty, Va., about 1672, came to Maryland, where his father had 
formerly resided, about 1698, and died in St. Mary's County in 
1730. By his first wife, whose name does not appear, he had two 
sons, Michael Jenifer (d. 1728) of St. Mary's County, and Dr. 
Daniel Jenifer (d. 1729) of Charles County. His second wife was 
Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Ashcomb, and he had by this 
marriage four children : Elizabeth (b. 1st December, 1706), Mary 
(b. 16th August, 1708), Samuel and Ann Jenifer. Who was the 
first wife of Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer ? 





W. Hall Harrts, 

The annual meeting of the Society was held at the rooms on 
the 12th of February, with a quorum of members present. 
Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows : 

Mendes Cohen. 


Rev. George A. Leakin, 
Henry F. Thompson. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
Henry Stockbridge. 

Recording Secretary. 
Joseph C. Mullin. 

William Bowly "Wilson. 

Trustees of the Athenasum. 

Edward Stabler, Jr., 
John A. Whitridge, 
J. Afpleton Wilson. 

Committee on the Gallery. 

Frank K. Murphy, 
Henry C. Wagner, 
Miles White, Jr. 

Committee on the Library. 

Charles E. Phelps, 
Frederick W. Story, 
H. Oliver Thompson, 
J. Seymour T. Waters. 

Committee on Finance. 

Michael Jenkins, 
Edwin Warfield. 

Charles C. Homer, 
Ogden A. Kirkland, 
Michael A. Mullin, 

Robert Garrett, 
Edward G. McDowell, 

Wilson M. Carey, 
Walter I. Dawkins, 
Richard D. Fisher, 

R. Brent Keyser, 



Committee on Publications. 
Clayton C. Hail, Bernard C. Steiner, 

Henry Stockbridge. 

Committee on Membership. 
McHenry Howard, Balph Bobinson, 

De Cocrcy yf. Thom. 

Committee on Genealogy and Heraldry. 
Kirk Brown, Christopher Johnston, 

B. Bernard Browne, George Norbury Mackenzie, 


Committee on Addresses and Literary Entertainments. 

William Hand Browne, Joseph B. Seth, 

Andrew C. Trippe. 

The Council and most of the standing Committees presented 
reports in regard to the various matters in which the Society has 
been engaged. These reports are here reproduced in a condensed 
form for the information of the members who were unable to be 
present at the meeting. 

Report of the Council. 

The usual routine of the Society's activities has prevailed 
through the year. It has not been found possible to issue any 
Fund Publication, and the consideration of undertaking the issue 
of a Magazine, which shall be the medium for presenting to the 
membership a knowledge of the Society's work has occupied much 
of the attention of the Council, and the Council believes that it 
may now assume such publication with reasonable expectation of 

The Council deems it proper to place on record the fact that it 
has been honored during the past year by having the American 
Historical Association hold its annual meeting in the rooms of the 
Society in December last. 

The collections of this Society were placed at the service of the 
Associations gathered in the city and appreciation of this courtesy 
was expressed by individuals and by formal resolutions of the 



The membership of the Society at the beginning of this year 
was : 

Total Active Members, December 31, 1905, 479 

" Associate " " " " 6 

" Active and Associate Membership, 485 

" Honorary Members 2 

" Corresponding Members 73 

Total Membership 560 

The report of the Treasurer was as follows : 


Received from annual dues from members $2,665 

" interest from savings banks 74.25 

" from Oliver Hibernian Free School rent 300.00 

" " " " " " janitor services 

returned 60.00 

" " interest on United Railway and Electric Co. 

Bonds 160.00 

" " sales of Fund Publications and Catalogues.... 14.00 

" " Miscellaneous Items 6.50 

" " Ground Rent, East Street 40.00 

" " Atlantic Coast Line R. R. Co. interest on Cer- 
tificate of Indebtedness 28.00 

Balance 661.35 


Balance January 1, 1905 $373.26 

Paid as per vouchers for services of Librarian and Assis- 
tant Curator and Janitor 2,093.29 

Paid as per vouchers, gas, water rent, ice 42.36 

coal and wood 235.30 

" " " " L. P. Dieterich 185.00 

" " " " stationery, printing, postage 235.77 

" " " " furnishings and repairs 307.22 

" " " " purchase old coins, pictures, etc 184.30 

Fidelity and Deposit Co., Box Rent... 5.00 

" " " " Insurance 347.60 



(publication or archives of Maryland.) 

Balance to credit of this account January 1, 1905 $1,837.28 

Cash from State Appropriations 2,000.00 

" " sale of Archives 122.25 



Purchased by the Society for use of its members, 212 copies 
of Vol. XXIV of the Archives of Maryland at 88 cts. 

per copy 186.56 

45 additional copies of Vol. XXIII of the Archives of Mary- 
land at $1.02 per copy 45.90 

20 additional copies of Vol. XXIV of the Archives of Mary- 
land at 88 cts. per copy 17.60 

212 copies of Vol. XXV of the Archives of Maryland at 

$1.02 per copy 226.84 


Editing Volume XXV $500.00 

Copying 419.55 

Lucas Bros., paper 4.25 

Publishing Volume XXIV 1,150.35 

" " XXV 1,547.52 

Balance 814.76 



Balance to the credit of this account January 1, 1905 $899.94 

Received, cash, interest 507.50 

" " sale of Publications 16.50 


Paid for Archives delivered to members : 

268 copies Volume XXIII at$1.02 $273.36 

232 " " XXIV at .88 204.16 

212 " " XXV at $1.07 226.84 

Balance to credit of this account 719.58 



Balance to the credit of this account, January 1, 1905 $422.13 

Interest from Investments Peabody Fund 507.50 

From sale of books 23.35 


Paid as per vouchers for books, periodicals and binding 275.19 

Balance 677.79 



Balance, credit State Archives account $814.76 

" " Publication Committee. 719.58 

" " Library Committee 677.79 


Less, Society Proper, Dr., balance 661.35 



Balance in National Union Bank $ 96.94 

" " Eutaw Savings Bank 1,232.31 

" " Savings Bank of Baltimore. 221.53 


The Trustees of the Athenaeum reported that there had been 
no unusual or extensive repairs during the year, and furnished a 
complete list of the insurance upon the building and its contents, 
the companies in which placed and the dates of expiration of the 
several policies. 

These showed an insurance upon the building of $35,000, and 
upon the library and gallery of $33,000. 

The Committee on the Galleby reported the deposit with the 
Society of a painting by Matthew Wilson, "Morning after the 
Wreck ; " and a wood carving, " Mayer Group," by Schwan- 
thaler. The number of visitors to the gallery was 2001, an 
increase of 331 as compared with the previous year. The Com- 
mittee also recommended the transfer of the portraits of the 
various Presidents of the Society from the Gallery to the main 

The Committee on the Libbaey reported additions to the 
Library as follows : 
By purchase : 

44 volumes of books $93.75 

2 pamphlets 1.75 

1 Current New York Newspaper 6.75 

3 Current Baltimore Newspapers 11.20 

Current Magazines 23.15 

2 Maps 1.25 

6 Maps (mounting) 5.50 

1 Atlas 3.00 

2 Muster Bolls, War of 1812 11.50 

Expended for binding 31.00 


By gift : 

430 volumes of books. 
106 pamphlets. 
4 Autograph letters. 

1 Volume Copies of papers relating to Anthony Stewart. 
1 Medal, New York Historical Society. 



The Kecords of St. Luke's Parish, Queen Anne's County, have 
been copied and iudexed. 

The second volume of the Register of St. Paul's Parish, Balti- 
more, has been indexed and a considerable portion of the records 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick County, have 
been copied. 

A number of the Militia rolls from nearly all of the Counties in 
the Province and dating from 1738-1749 have been arranged so as 
to be more readily consulted and partly indexed. 

The Committee on Publications reported that during the year 
Volume XXV of the Archives had been issued and copies dis- 
tributed. It includes the period of the administrations of Governor 
Nathaniel Blakiston, Thomas Tench, Esq., Governor John Seymour, 
Edward Lloyd, Esq., and Governors John Hart, Charles Calvert 
and Benedict Leonard Calvert. It also contains, among other items 
of interest, an account of the burning in 1704 of the State House at 
Annapolis and of other public buildings. Volume XXVI is now 
in course of preparation. 

With the reduced income now derived from the investment of 
the Publicatiou Fund and the appropriation of a considerable part 
of that income to the purchase of volumes of the Archives for free 
distribution to members, the Committee thought it unwise to 
undertake during the past year any new Fund Publication. 

The Committee further stated that it is gratified to be able to 
report the completion of arrangements for the production under the 
auspices of the Society of an Historical Magazine to be published 
quarterly. Dr. William Hand Browne will undertake the editorial 
direction. It is proposed to provide in the Magazine for the 
printing of original papers contributed to the Society, and also of 
historical documents in its possession, not hitherto published. 
Provision will be made for genealogical notes of interest, and for 
book notices. The Magazine will also be made the medium of 
publishing the Society's Aunual Reports. The subscription price 
has been fixed at $3.00 per annum, but as members of the 
Society will under its rule be entitled to receive copies without 
charge, it is recommended after the issue of the Magazine, to 
discontinue the issue to members of future volumes of the 



Archives, but to charge for them the mere cost of paper and 
printing, which has been found to amount generally to about 
$1.00 a volume. 

The Committee on Membership presented a summary of the 
present membership of the Society, which showed : 

Members, December 31, 1904 476 

Loss by deaths 15 

" " resignations 6 

— 455 

Active members elected 24 

Membership, December 31, 1905 479 

Honorary Members elected during the year, 1905 None 

" ' " December 31, 1905 2 

Associate " elected during the year, 1905 3 

" " December 31, 1905 6 

Corresponding Members elected during the year, 1905 1 

" " loss by death 2 

Total Corresponding Members, December 31, 1905 73 

The Committee on Addresses reported a list of the various 
papers read before the Society during the year. These were : 

Jan. 9. — "Thomas Jones, a Judge of the First Court of Appeals of Mary- 
land." By Basil Sollers, a member of the Society. 

March 13. — "Judicial Administration in Colonial Virginia." By Me. O. P. 

April 10. — "A Romance of Early Maryland Colonization." By Dr. B. B. 

James, a member of the Society. 
May 8. — "Father Andrew White, Apostle of Maryland: A present-day 

Study." By Rev. John S. Quirk, a member of the Society. 
Oct. 9. — "Further selections from the James McHenry Papers." By Dr. B. 

C. Steiner, a member of the Society. 
Nov. 13. — "The Counties of Maryland; their Origin and Boundaries." By 

Dr. Edw. B. Mathews, a member of the Society. 
Dec. 11. — "John Paul Jones; the fight off Flamborough Head," with an 

illustration. By J. Wilson Leakin, a member of the Society. 

A list of members who had died during the year was presented 
by the recording Secretary. It consisted of the following : 


Bartlett, Edw. L.. 
Birckhead, Lennox. 

.September 29. 
January 27. 



Brent, J. L November 27. 

Burns, W. F April 14. 

Byrne, W. M March 28. 

Gail, Geo. W., Jr. October 5. 

Gill, N. K October 30. 

Hadel, Dr. A. K April 4. 

Kirby, Geo. A December 19. 

Lowndes, Lloyd January 8. 

McLane, Louis December 13. 

Miltenberger, De. G. W December 11. 

Parkeb, Oliver A August 22. 

Shaw, John K August 22. 

Shippen, Dr. C. C November 6. 


Cockey, Edw. C March 15. 

Darling, Chas. W June 22. 

The recommendation of the Committee on Publications in 
respect to the distribution to members of the volumes of the 
Archives was laid over until the monthly meeting of the Society 
in March for action. 





Craighill, Gen. William Price, U. S. A., Retired, 

Charles Town, Jeff. Co., W. Va. 
Marsden, R. G 13 Leinster Gardens, London, Eng. 


Alderman, E. A Charlottesville, Va. 

Applegarth, A. C » Oneida Heights, Huntington, Pa. 

The Lord Arundell op W ardour. jWardour Castle, 

<■ Tisbury, Wilts, England. 

Ashburner, Thomas 1215 Marquette Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

Bacon, Thomas S Buckeystown, Md. 

Bateman, J. F Easton, Md. 

Battle, K. P Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Bell, Herbert C Pitchin, Ohio. 

Bigelow, John 21 Gramercy Park, New York. 

Black, J. William 24 Chaplin St., Waterville, Me. 

Brand, Rev. William F Emmorton, Md. 

Brasier, William 26 Liberty St. , New York. 

Brock, R. A 517 W. Marshall St., Richmond, Va. 

Brooks, William Gray 16 Pemberton Square, Boston, Mass. 

Brown, Alexander Norwood, Nelson Co., Va. 

Bruce, Philip A Richmond, Va. 

Bitel, C. C 33 E. 17th St., New York. 

Chaille-Long, Col. C j 328 Mar y land Ave " V ^ „ 

' I Washington, D. C. 

Cockey, Marston Rogers 117 Liberty St., New York. 

Collett, Oscar W 3138 School St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Daves, Graham 43 Broad St., Newbern, N. C. 

De Peyster, J. Watts Tivoli, Duchess Co., N. Y. 

DeWitt, Francis Ware, Mass. 

Dorsey, Mrs. Kate Costigan Cong. Library, Washington, D. C. 

Durant, William Albany, N. Y. 

Earle, George Laurel, Md. 

Eaton, G. G 1324 S. Capitol St., Wash'n, D. C. 



Ehrenberg, Eichabd Kostock, Prussia. 

Evans, Samuel 432 Locust St., Columbia, Pa. 

Foed, Worthington C Cong. Library, Washington, D. C. 

Gardiner, Asa Bird 32 Broadway, New York. 

Gudewill, George 193 Water St., New York. 

Gwynn, Walter 1740N. St., N.W., Washington, D. C. 

Hall, Hubert Public Eecord Office, London. 

Harden, William .' 226 W. President St., Savannah, Ga. 

Hayden, Eev. Horace Edwin Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

Hersh, Grier York, Pa. 

Johnson, B. F 901 E. Main St., Eichmond, Va. 

Lake, Eichard P Equitable Bldg., Memphis, Tenn. 

Leighton, George E 803 N. Garrison Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Leslie, Edmund Norman Skaneateles, N. Y. 

Malleby, Eev. Charles P 1240 E. 180th St., New York. 

Monroe, James M Annapolis, Md. 

Murray, Stirling Leesburg, Va. 

Nicholson, John P .'...1535 Chesnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Norman, William B 238 Fifth Ave., New York. 

Owen, Thomas M Montgomery, Ala. 

Owens, K. B Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. 

Parke, John E 101 Sixth St. , Pittsburg, Pa. 

Eandall, Daniel E Annapolis, Md. 

Eandall, James E 2147 H St., N. W., Wash'n, D. C. 

Randall, J. Wirt State Circle, Annapolis, Md. 

Eiley, E. S 118 Pr. George St., Annapolis, Md. 

Eouse, Francis W 1218 Chestnut St., Phila,, Pa. 

Scott, Eobert N The Takoma, Washington, D. C. 

Shippen, Edward 532 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Smith, John Philemon Sharpsburg, Md. 

Snowden, Yates Charleston, S. C. 

Spofford, A. R i 1621 Massachusetts Ave., N. W., 

I Washington, D. C. 

Stevens, John Austin 17 E. 22d St., New York. 

Stevenson, John J University Heights, New York. 

Taggert, Hugh T 3249 N St., N. W., Wash'n, D. C. 

Thomas, Eev. Lawrence B Nevis, West Indies. 

Tilden, George F Portland, Me. 

Tyler, Lyon G Williamsburg, Va. 

Wagner, Dr. Clinton New York, N. Y. 

Weeks, Stephen B i 326 Massachusetts Ave., N. E., 

I Washington, D. C 

Wilson, James Grant 621 Fifth Ave., New York. 

Winslow, Eev. William Copley 525 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

Wood, Henry C Harrodsburg, Ky. 

Worthington, Joseph M 89 Church St., Annapolis, Md. 



Boyd, Lekoy S Washington, D. C. 

Callahan, Gmffis C 6832Paschall Ave., Philadelphia, Pi 

Dent, Louis A Washington, D. C. 

Hupfmaster, Jas. T Galveston, Texas. 

Maktin, Mrs. Edwin S New Straitsville, Ohio. 

Boszel, Brantz Mayer 17 Iowa Circle, Washington, D. C. 


(Where no P. O. address is given, Baltimore is understood. ) 

Agnus, Gen. Felix American Office. 

Ahrens, Adolph Hall 8 E. Lexington St. 

Alexander, Julian J 225 St. Paul St. 

Allmand, John O'G 112 Chamber of Commerce. 

Andrews, 0 621 St. Paul St. 

Appold, Lemuel T 904 N. Calvert St. 

Arthurs, Edward F 7 E. Preston St. 

Atkinson, Dr. I. E 609 Cathedral St. 

Atkinson, Dr. Robert 2134 Oak St. 

Baker, Bernard N 504 Union Trust Building. 

Balch, Miss Grace 1708 N. Charles St. 

Baldwin, Charles G 224 St. Paul St. 

Baldwin, Rev. Chas. W 1404 Bolton St. 

Baldwin, Summerpield 1006 N. Charles St. 

Banks, William H 405 Druid Hill Ave. 

Barnes, J. T. Mason 1517 Park Ave. 

Barrett, Henry C 107 W. Monument St. 

Barroll, Hope H Chestertown, Md. 

Bartlett, J. Kemp. 2100 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Barton, Randolph 207 N. Calvert St. 

Bernard, Richard 1718 St. Paul St. 

Bevan, H. Cromwell 10 E. Lexington St. 

Billstein, Nathan Liberty Road and 11th St. 

Birckhead, P. Macaulay 509 Park Ave. 

Bird, W. Edgeworth 8 E. Biddle St. 

Birnie, Dr. Clotworthy Taneytown, Md. 

Black, H. Crawford 113 W. Monument St. 

Black, Van Lear 13 E. Preston St. 

Blake, George A 120 E. Lexington St. 

Blakistone, T. Wallis 968 N. Howard St. 

Bland, J. R 1025 N. Charles St. 

Bolton, F. C 1206 St. Paul St. 

Bombaugh, Dr. Charles C 836 Park Ave. 



Bonaparte, Charles J 216 St. Paul St. 

Bond, James A. C Westminster, Md. 

Bond, Nicholas P 1310 Continental Trust Bldg. 

Bonsal, Leigh 18 E. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Bowdoin, Henry J Maryland Telephone Bldg. 

Bowes, Joseph Equitable Bldg. 

Brantly, W. T 10 E. Lexington St. 

Brattan, J. Y American Office. 

Brent, Miss IdaS 1031 Cathedral St. 

Brinton, D. L 76 Gunther Building. 

Briscoe, David S 8 E. Franklin St. 

Brooks, Isaac, Jr 928 N. Charles St. 

Brown, Alexander 712 Cathedral St. 

Brown, Arthur George 841 Calvert Bldg. 

Brown, Edwin H., Jr Centreville, Md. 

Brown, Hon. Frank 830 N. Charles St. 

Brown, John W 722 E. Pratt St. 

Brown, Kirk 1813 X. Caroline St. 

Brown, Mrs. Lydia B 1025 Harlem Ave. 

Brown, Madison Centreville, Md. 

Browne, Dr. B. Bernard 510 Park Ave. 

Browne, Dr. William Hand Kider Postoffice, Md. 

Brdne, H. M 841 Calvert Bldg. 

Brush, Dr. Edward N { She PP ard and T ^ noch f™" 

I Hospital, Towson, Md. 

Bryan, Olin 1819 St. Paul St. 

Bryan, William Sheppard, Jr 311 Maryland Telephone Bldg. 

Bump, Charles W News Office. 

Burnett, Paul M 216 St. Paul St. 

Burns, Francis 827 N. Charles St. 

Buzby, S. Stockton 1216 St. Paul St. 

Carey, John E 20 E. Eager St 

Carey, Thomas K 26 Light St. 

Carr, James Edward, Jr. 337 St. Paul St. 

Carter, John M 222 St. Paul St. 

Cary, Wilson M 1021 Cathedral St. 

Cator, Samuel B 823 N. Charles St. 

Chestnut, W. Calvin 1141 Calvert Bldg. 

Chew, Dr. Samuel C 215 W. Lanvale St. 

Clendinen, Thomas K 27 E. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Clotworthy, C. Baker 1400 Continental Bldg. 

Cockey, Charles T. Pikesville, Md. 

Cohen, Mendes 825 N. Charles St. 

Cole, B. C 18 Builders Exchange. 

Colston, Frederick M 1016 St. Paul St. 

Colton, William Calvert Bldg. 

Corbin, Mrs. John W 2208 N. Charles St. 



Cottman, J. Hough 1015 Cathedral St. 

Cotton, Mrs. Jane Baldwin 416 Marlborough St., Boston, Mass. 

Chain, Kobert 307 Maryland Telephone Bldg. 

Crane, C. T Farm, and Merch. Nat'l Bank. 

Cranwell, J. H 337 St. Paul St. 

Cremen, Stephen A 1625 Druid Hill Ave. 

Cross, E. J. D. 610 Cathedral St. 

Dallam, Richard Belair, Md. 

Dand ridge, Miss Anne S 18 W. Hamilton St. 

Dashiell, Dr. N. Leeke 2340 Madison Ave. 

Daugherty, William Grant 10 E. Lafayette Ave. 

Davison, G. W Catonsville, Md. 

Dawkins, Walter 1 408 Fidelity Bldg. 

Dawson, William H 414 St. Paul St. 

Dennis, James T 1008 N. Calvert St. 

Dennis, Samuel K 406 Equitable Bldg. 

Dickey, Charles H 1014 N. Charles St. 

Diehlman, Louis H Enoch Pratt Free Library. 

Dillehunt, H. B 2108 Eutaw Place. 

Dixon, Isaac H 110 W. German St. 

Dobler, Hon. John J 436 Harford Road. 

Donaldson, John J 220 St. Paul St. 

Duer, Douglas H 36 and 38 S. Charles St. 

Duer, Henry L 1804 St. Paul St. 

Dunton, Wm. Rush, Jr., M. D Towson, Md. 

Duvall, Richard M 14 E. Lexington St. 

Duvall, Dr. A. Wirt 1609 Edmondson Ave. 

Earle, Dr. Samuel T., Jr 1431 Linden Ave. 

Eccleston, Rev. J. Houston 910 St. Paul St. 

Edmunds, Richard H Manufacturers' Record Bldg. 

Elliott, Dr. A. Marshall Johns Hopkins University. 

Elliott, Thomas Ireland 10 South St. 

Emory, Frederick Queenstown, Md. 

Fechtig, Dr. James Amos 1307 N. Charles St. 

Ferguson, J. Henry 13J W. Saratoga St. 

Field, Charles W 1057 Calvert Bldg. 

Fisher, Charles D 814 N. Charles St. 

Fisher, Richard D 1420 Park Ave. 

Fisher, Robert A 30 W. Franklin St. 

Foard, Joseph R 1026 N. Calvert St. 

Focke, Ferdinand B 1718 Bolton St. 

Foster, Reuben 2301 N. Charles St. 

Frick, Frank 1514 Park Ave. 

Frick, J. Swan 126 W. Franklin St. 



Gaither, George B., Jr 815 Gaither Bldg. 

Gaither, Thomas H 508 Cathedral St. 

Gambrill, J. Montgomery 1417 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Garnett, James M 1316 Bolton St. 

Garrett, John W Continental Trust Bldg. 

Garrett, Robert Continental Trust Bldg. 

Garrett, Dr. R. Edward \ Md " Hos P ital for the Insa ° e ' .„ 

I Catonsville. 

Gary, E. Stanley. 857 Park Ave. 

Gary, Hon. James A 1200 Linden Ave. 

Gibson, W. Hopper Centreville, Md. 

Gill, John of R 929 N. Charles St. 

Gill, William H Central Savings Bank. 

Gilman, Dr. D. C 614 Park Ave. 

Gittings, John S 21 North St. 

Glenn, John M 617 Columbia Ave. 

Glenn, Rev. Wm. Lindsay Emmorton, Md. 

Gordon, Douglas H 1009 N. Charles St. 

Gore, Dr. Clarence S 1006 Madison Ave. 

Gorter, James P 10 E. Preston St. 

Grafflin, William H 1020 St. Paul St. 

Greenway, William H 2322 N. Charles St. 

Gregg, Maurice 14 E. Lexington St. 

Griffith, Mrs. Mary W The Farragut, Washington, D. C. 

Grieves, Dr. Clarence J Park Ave. and Madison St. 

Hale, Arthur Camden Station. 

Hall, Clayton C 10 South St. 

Hall, Sidney. 1319 Park Ave. 

Hambleton, F. H 912 N. Charles St. 

Hambleton, T. Edward Lutherville, Md. 

Hammel, William C. A i 1027 S P rin S Garden St " XT „ 

1 Greensboro, N. C. 

Hanna, Hugh S Johns Hopkins University. 

Hanson, John W 10 South St. 

Hanway, William A Hotel Sherwood. 

Hardy, Dr. George E 406 Hawthorn Road, Roland Park. 

Harlan, Hon. Henry D 9 W. Biddle St. 

Harman, S. J 708 Fidelity Bldg. 

Harris, W. Hall 216 St. Paul St. 

Hartman, A. Z 1210 Bolton St. 

Harvey, Joshua G 715 N. Charles St. 

Harvey, William P 932 N. Charles St. 

Harwood, Miss S. Asenath Hotel Rennert. 

Hayden, M. Mozart Eutaw Savings Bank. 

Hayes, Hon. Thomas G 2901 St. Paul St. 

Hayward, F. Sidney { Sunn y side > Woodburn Ave., 

(. Govanstown, Md. 



Hayward, Thomas J 4 E. Eager St. 

Henry, J. Winfield 107 W. Monument St. 

Hilken, H. G 133 W. Lanvale St. 

Hill, John Philip 56 Central Savings Bank Bldg. 

Hill, Thomas 405 Courtland St. 

Hisky, Thomas Foley 215 N. Charles St. 

Hodson, Clarence \ Ashur ? Terrace ' °»^" e ', . . . 

' I Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hoffman, B. Curzon 1203 St. Paul St. 

Hollander, Dr. Jacob H 2011 Eutaw Place. 

Homer, Charles C Second National Bank. 

Homer, Francis T 213 Courtland St. 

Hooper, Alcaeus 10 South St. 

Hooper, Theodore 10 South St. 

Hopkins, J. Seth 19 E. Eager St. 

Hopper, P. Lesley Havre de Grace, Md. 

Hough, Samuel J 207 St. Paul St. 

Howard, McHenry 919 Cathedral St. 

Howard, Charles McHenry 810 N. Calvert St. 

Hughes, Adrian 223 St, Paul St. 

Hughes, Thomas 223 St. Paul St. 

Huxl, Miss A. E. E 1020 Cathedral St. 

Hunt, German H 1802 Eutaw Place. 

Hunt, William B West Arlington, Md. 

Hunting, E. B 213 Courtland St. 

Hurd, Dr. Henry M Johns Hopkins Hospital. 

Hurst, J. J 643 Calvert Bldg. 

Hutton, Gaun M 838 Hollins St. 

Hutton, N. H 23 W. North Ave. 

Hyatt, Alpheus Porto Bello, Md. 

Iglehart, Dr. James D 211 W. Lanvale St. 

Ingle, Edward 1606 Linden Ave. 

Isaac, Wm. M Masonic Temple. 

Jacobs, Dr. Henry Barton 11 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

James, Kev. B. B Forest Park. 

James, Norman Catonsville. 

Janes, Henry Pratt 13 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Jencks, Francis M 1 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Jenkins, E. Austin 919 N. Calvert St. 

Jenkins, George C 106 E. Chase St. 

Jenkins, Michael 616 Park Ave. 

Jennison, Kev. Joseph F 1306 Madison Ave. 

Johnson, Keverdy 621 St. Paul St. 

Johnson, William Fell Brooklandville, Md. 

Johnston, Dr. Christopher 21 W. 20th St. 



Jones, Elias, M. D 2037 E. Lombard St. 

Jones, Louis Longwoods, Talbot Co., Md. 

Jones, Spencer C Rockville, Md. 

Keedy, Clayton O Frederick, Md. 

Kerr, Mrs. Alice M Catonsville, Md. 

Keys, Miss Jane G 208 E. Lanvale St. 

Keyser, H. Irvine 104 W. Monument St. 

Keyser, Mrs. H. Irvine 104 W. Monument St. 

Keyser, R. Brent 200 E. Biddle St. 

King, John C 534 N. Fulton Ave. 

Kirby, Geo. A 17 W. Chase St. 

Kirk, Henry C 1229 N. Charles St. 

Kirkland, Ogden A 15 W. Mulberry St. 

Knott, A. Leo 1029 St. Paul St. 

Knott, Mrs. Regina M 1029 St. Paul St. 

Koch, Charles J 2950 E. Baltimore St. 

Lanahan, Thomas M 102 E. Lexington St. 

Lankpord, H. F Princess Anne, Md. 

Lantz, Miss Emily E 1704 John St. 

Larrabee, H. C 1920 E. Pratt St. 

Latrobe, Hon. Ferdinand C 205 St. Paul St. 

Latrobe, Osmun Maryland Club. 

Laupheimer, Maurice 805 Lennox St. 

LAwroRD, Jasper M 718 N. Howard St. 

Leakin, Rev. George A Lake Roland, Md. 

Leakin, J. Wilson 705 Fidelity Building. 

Leary, Peter C University Club. 

Lee, H. C 1901 3ST. Charles St. 

Lee, J. Harry 1901 N. Charles St. 

Lee, Richard Laws 232 St. Paul St. 

Leftwich, A. T 12 E. Preston St. 

Lemmon, J. Southgate Continental Trust Bldg. 

Levering, Eugene 1308 Eutaw Place. 

Linthicum, J. Charles 314 St. Paul St. 

Lloyd, Hon. Henry Cambridge, Md. 

Lockwood, Dr. William F 8 E. Eager St. 

Lovett, Rev. B. B Prince Frederick, Calvert Co., Md. 

Lowe, John H 317 Courtland St. 

Lyon, J. Crawford 1209 Linden Ave. 

MacGill, Richard G., Jr 225 Commerce St. 

Machen, Arthur W 36 Central Savings Bank Bldg. 

Mackall, Thomas B 222 St. Paul St. 

McClellan, William J 2119 Maryland Ave. 

McComas, Henry W Oakland, Md. 

McComas, Hon. L. E Gaither Estate Bldg. 


McCormick, Dr. Thomas P 1421 Eutaw Place. 

McCurley, Isaac 227 St. Paul St. 

McDowell, Edward G 117 W. Franklin St. 

McGaw, George K 220 N. Charles St. 

McHenry, Wilson Cary 46 Central Savings Bank Bldg. 

McKim, Bev. Haslett, Jr 9 W. 48th St., New York. 

McKim, Hollins 1101 N. Calvert St. 

McKim, S. S The Stafford. 

McLane. Allan 205 Maryland Telephone Bldg. 

McLane, James L 903 Cathedral St. 

McPherson, Bev. W. Bruce 1105 N. Gilmor St. 

McSherry, Hon. James Frederick, Md. 

Mackenzie, George Norbury 1808 Park Ave. 

Magruder, Dr. W. Edward 922 Madison Ave. 

Mandelbaum, Seymour Fidelity Bldg. 

Mann, Harry E 100 E. Lexington St. 

Marburg, Theodore 14 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Marbury, William L 700 Maryland Trust Bldg. 

Marshall, John W 13 South St. 

Martin, Hon. William B Royal Oak, Talbot Co., Md. 

Mason, James D 1118 N. Charles St. 

Mathews, Edward B Johns Hopkins University. 

Matthews, Henry C Albemarle St. and Canton Ave. 

Matthews, Thomas F Albemarle St. aud Canton Ave. 

Maulsbst, William P., Jr Frederick, Md. 

May, Alonzo J :.1012 Hopkins Ave., W. 

Middendorf, J. W 11 E. Franklin St. 

Middleton, John 1 917 Cathedral St. 

Mifflin, Dr. Bobert W 1016 Madison Ave. 

Miller, Decatur H., Jr 506 Maryland Trust Bldg. 

Miller, Edgar G 202 N. Calvert St. 

Miller, Walter H Maryland Nat. Bank Bldg. 

Morgan, G. Emory 6 Club Boad, Boland Park. 

Morgan, John Hurst 227 St. Paul St. 

Morris, John T 215 N. Charles St. 

Morris, Hon. Thomas J 708 Park Ave. 

Mosely, Dr. William E 614 N. Howard St. 

Muller, Louis 12 E. Pleasant St. 

Mullin, Joseph C 609 Fidelity Bldg. 

Mullin, Michael A. 609 Fidelity Bldg. 

Murdoch, Fridge 904 McCulloh St. 

Murphy, Frank K 202 W. Lombard St. 

Murray, Daniel M 220 St. Paul St. 

Murray, O. G The Stafford. 

Myers, William Starr Country School for Boys. 

Newbold, D. M., Jr. 
Newcomer, Waldo. . 

St. Paul and Pleasant Sts. 
.1516 Continental Bldg. 



Nicholson, Isaac F 1018 St. Paul St. 

Nicodemus, F. Courtney, Jr. 123 Broadway, N. Y. 

Niemann, Edward 204 S. Charles St. 

Niver, Eev. Edward B 1014 St. Paul St. 

Norris, Isaac T. Savings Bank of Baltimore. 

Norris, J. Olney 920 Madison Ave. 

North, Samuel M Baltimore Polytechnic Institute. 

0' Donovan, Dr. Charles, Jr. 10 E. Bead St. 

Oliver, Charles K The Severn. 

Oliver, Thomas II Mechum Biver, Va. 

Oliver, W. B The Severn. 

Owens, James W Annapolis, Md. 

Paca, John P 1925 Eutaw Place. 

Pardee, J. E. S Centreville, Md. 

Paret, Bt. Bev. William 1110 Madison Ave. 

Parlett, John F 1717 Park Ave. 

Parran, William J 1708 N. Calvert St. 

Parr, Charles E Pikesville, Md. 

Parr, Henry A 1119 N. Charles St. 

Paton, Dr. Stewart 22 Williams St., N. Y. 

Patterson, J. Wilson 216 E. Baltimore St. 

Patterson, Thomas Leiper Cumberland, Md. 

Pearce, Hon. James A Chestertown, Md. 

Pennington, Josias 311 N. Charles St. 

Pennington, William C 7 E. Eager St. 

Perine, E. Glenn 18 E. Lexington St. 

Perkins, Elisha H Provident Savings Bank. 

Perkins, William H., Jr 345 N. Charles St. 

Phelps, Hon. Charles E.. Walbrook. 

Phelps, Charles E., Jr 20 E. Lafayette Ave. 

Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Jr 16 W. Chase St. 

Pope, George A 926 St. Paul St. 

Porter, William F 224 St. Paul St. 

Preston, James H 220 St. Paul St. 

Prettyman, E. B 1200 W. Lafayette Ave. 

Quirk, Bev. John F Loyola College. 

Quitt, Max H 215 St. Paul St. 

Baborg, Chris 1314 W. Lanvale St. 

Eanck, Samuel H Public Library, Grand Eapids, Mi 

Bandall, Blanchard 200 Chamber of Commerce Bldg. 

Eandall, Mrs. Jane B. H 1405 Park Ave. 

Eayner, A. W 8 E. Lexington St. 

Bawls, W. L 2404 Maryland Ave. 


Eedwood, Francis T 918 Madison Ave. 

Eeese, Percy M 1201 N. Charles St. 

Beifsnider, Hon. John M Westminster, Md. 

Eemsen, De. Iea 214 "W. Monument St. 

Eichardson, Albert L 2022 Maryland Ave. 

Eichardson, Mrs. A. L 2022 Maryland Ave. 

Eidgely, Miss Eliza { 2119 Maryland Ave, 

I Care of Mrs. Yeaton. 

Eidgely, Mrs. Helen W Hampton, Towson, Md. 

Eidgely, Buxton Moore 601 Fidelity Bldg. 

Eieman, Charles Ellet 217 W. German St. 

Eiggs, Lawrason 814 Cathedral St. 

Eitchie, Albert C 745 Calvert Bldg. 

Bitter, William L 541 N. Carrollton Ave. 

Eobeets, Miss Maegaeet E 2016 Maryland Ave. 

Eobinson, Ealph 213 St Paul St. 

Bogebs, Charles B Eatesburg, S. C. 

Eose, Douglas H 10 South St. 

Eose, John C 628 Equitable Bldg. 

Eussell, Eev. William T 408 N. Charles St. 

Sadtler, Mrs. Eosabella 1800 Bolton St. 

Sappington, A. DeBussy. 308 Maryland Telephone Bldg. 

Schmuckee, Hon. Samuel D 1712 Park Ave. 

Schultz, Edward T 1535 Park Ave. 

Seaes, De. Thomas E 658 W. Franklin St. 

Sellman, James L 12 W. Camden St. 

Semmes, John E 828 Equitable Bldg. 

Seth, Joseph B 100 E. Lexington St. 

Sharp, Hon. George H 2105 St. Paul St. 

Shepherd, James S Cambridge, Md. 

Shippen, Mrs. Eebecca Lloyd 209 W. Monument St. 

Shryock, Hon. Thomas J 1401 Madison Ave. 

Sill, Howard Builders' Exchange. 

Sioussat, Mrs. Anna Leakin Lake Eoland, Md. 

Skinner, M. E 805 Calvert Bldg. 

Sloan, Mrs. Frank Howard Hotel Bennert. 

Sloan, George F 1103 St. Paul St. 

Smith, John Donnell 505 Park Ave. 

Smith, Marion DeKalb Chestertown, Md. 

Smith, E. Clinton Glenville, Md. 

Smith, Thomas Marsh 16 E. Eager St. 

Snowden, Wilton Central Savings Bank Bldg. 

Sollers, Basil 1530 Harlem Ave. 

Sollers, Somerville 1311 John St. 

Spamer, C. A. E 215 N. Charles St. 

Spence, W. W 1205 St. Paul St. 

Spencer, Eichard H 317 Dolphin St. 


Stabler, Edward, Jb Madison and Eutaw Sts. 

Stein, Chas. P 215 St. Paul St. 

Steiner, Dr. Bernard C Enoch Pratt Free Library. 

Sterling, George S 27 E. Pratt St. 

Stevenson, Dr. H. M 431 N. Carey St. 

Stewart, David 213 St. Paul St. 

Stimpson, Herbert B 207 N. Calvert St. 

Stirling, Yates, Rear Adm'l 77. S. N. 209 W. Lanvale St. 

Stockbridge, Hon. Henry 11 N. Calhoun St. 

Stone, John T N. W. Cor. Baltimore and North Sts. 

Story, Frederick W 11 Builders' Exchange. 

Stran, Mrs. Kate A 1912 Eutaw Place. 

Stump, H. Arthur 18 E. Eager St. 

Talbott, Hon. Hattersley W Rockville, Md. 

Taneyhill, Dr. G. Lane 1103 Madison Ave. 

Thayer, Dr. W. S 406 Cathedral St. 

Thom, DeCotjrcy W 822 Equitable Bldg. 

Thom, Mrs. Mary Isabel 204 W. Lanvale St. 

Thomas, Douolas H 1010 St. Paul St. 

Thomas, James W ; Cumberland, Md. 

Thompson, Henry F Maryland Historical Society. 

Thompson, H. Oliver 216 St. Paul St. 

Thomsen, Alonzo L...... 1 E. Eager St. 

Thomsen, Herman Ivah 1928 Mt. Royal Terrace. 

Thomsen, John J., Jr The Arundel. 

Thomson, Edward H 421 N. Charles St. 

Tiernan, Charles B 20 E. Lexington St. 

Tiffany, Dr. Louis McLane 831 Park Ave. 

Toadvine, E. Stanley Annapolis, Md. 

Todd, W. J., M. D Mt. Washington, Md. 

Tompkins, John A 301 N. Charles St. 

Toole, John E 628 W. Franklin St. 

Tredway, Rev. S. B Marion Station. 

Tbippe, Andrew C 347 N. Charles St. 

Trundle, Wilson Burns 301 St. Paul St. 

Turnbull, Lawrence 1530 Park Ave. 

Turner, J. Frank S. E. Cor. Charles St & North Ave. 

Tyson, A. M 207 N. Calvert St. 

Tyson, Jesse Melvale, Md. 

Uhler, Dr. Philip B 254 W. Hoffman St. 

Vernon, George W. F 106 E. Saratoga St. 

Vincent, Dr. John M Johns Hopkins University. 

Wade, Dr. J. Percy. 
Wagner, Henry C. 

.Catonsville, Md. 
Merchants' National Bank. 


Walter, Moses B 609 Union Trust Bldg. 

Walters, Henry 13 South St. 

Warfield, Hon. Edwin 1018 St. Paul St. 

Ward, Geo. W State Normal School. 

Wakfield, S. Davies 40 Continental Trust Co. 

Waking, Benjamin H 1311 Eutaw Place. 

Warner, C. Hopewell 227 St. Paul St. 

Waters, J. Seymour T 14 E. Lexington St. 

Watters, Eobinson Cator 1021 N. Charles St. 

Watters, Wm. J. H, Jr 1021 N. Charles St. 

Weaver, Dr. Jacob J., Jr TJniontown, Md. 

Webb, George E 2024 Mt. Eoyal Ave. 

Weber, Charles, Jr 1909 W. Baltimore St. 

Weld, Eev. Charles B 119 W. Franklin St. 

Whistler, J. S Care Alexander Brown <) 

White, Julian LeEoy 2400 W. North Ave. 

White, Miles, Jr. 15 North St. 

Whitely, James S 13J W. Saratoga St. 

Whitridge, John A 18 W. Eead St. 

Whitridoe, Morris 13 and 15 North St 

Whitridge, Dr. William 829 N. Charles St. 

Whitridge, William H 604 Cathedral St. 

Wilhelm, Dr. Lewis W 851 N. Howard St. 

Wilkins, Geo. C Eider, Md. 

Williams, Henry 407 W. Lanvale St. 

Williams, Henry W 507 Fidelity Bldg. 

Williams, N. Winslow 507 Fidelity Bldg. 

Williams, Dr. W. Eason Forest Park. 

Willis, George E .' 213 Courtland St. 

Willis, W. Nicholas Preston, Md. 

Wilson, J. Appleton 808 Law Bldg. 

Wilson, William B 216 E. Baltimore St. 

Wilson, William T 1129 St Paul St. 

Wilson, Mrs. William T 1129 St. Paul St. 

Winans, Boss E 1217 St. Paul St. 

Winchester, Marshall Eider P. O. 

Winchester, William Watervale, Harford Co., Md. 

Wise, Henry A 11 W. Mulberry St. 

Worthington, Claude 817 N. Carey St. 

Wootton, W. H 2134 St. Paul St. 

Wyatt, J. B. Noel Builders' Exchange. 

Wylie, Douglas M 818 Park Ave.